Zimbabwe partner

The Bing Bong Theorem

2016.12.18 18:13 barry-kuda The Bing Bong Theorem

THE BIGGEST BANGIEST COMICS
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2020.10.07 22:32 ConorCulture Booking Lucha Underground Season 5 - Episode 11: Gold Rush (another important note)

So...been a while.
So, I know I said last episode I don’t want to spend time rewriting old episodes. But I tried writing this but it was too confusing, I was making too many edits. I had recently read the lore of season 4, and leaned the entire season was building to season 5. But when I started this I was doing it as a fresh new start, where everything else prior was irrelevant. But I was still trying to tie up loose ends. It was all too confusing and I’m sorry, so I’ve gone back and edited every single episode to fit the narrative Season 4 set. Now I’m not asking you to read 10 episodes just to be up to date, that’s ridiculous. I’ve instead made a TL;DR for each episode, where I try and summarise each episode so you can catch the gist, but if you really want you can reread. I’m sorry for this inconvenience but I felt it necessary to continue this. With that being said...
Welcome to The Temple!
Vipress, Puma King and Dario Cueto meeting:
The show starts with the Aztec warriors in their underground bunker. This is where they met at the end of Season 4, with a vague bit of light shining through the ceiling to hit the floor. Dario Cueto sits down in a standard foldable chair, unusual to his usual padded one + fancy desk. He gets out immediately, subtly saying he is too good for that as soon as Puma King enters. He shakes his hand, and then kisses Vipress’. she raises her eyebrows after a glance and asks Dario why El Dragon Azteca Jr. isn’t here like promised. “Well he couldn’t make it, but I’m here as we’ve yet to meet.” Vipress doesn’t look too pleased. Dario offers a seat but she denies. Puma takes it instead. Dario then quickly introduces himself, finishing off with “but of course you know that.” “El Dragon Azteca Jr. is a good man, but amongst the Aztec warriors we’ve had a bit of turbulence. That’s why Dario is here, as the dog...and not the owner...” Dario takes a moment to think how he got here, but snaps out and says that EDA wants to know of their pasts and Aztec history.
Puma King simply states he’s a warrior here to do what he does, defend his people. Him alongside his other warriors of the Jaguar Tribe have always been the most athletic of the Aztec people, so a fight club is perfect for them. Puma King then gets out the chair and looks through the small crack in the ceiling of their underground bunker, up into the sky, and says he wishes to return home one day, away from war and this life. This is all he knows, but perhaps there’s more than violence and war. Dario says he understands a life of violence, and that he hopes for the best in his future. But for now, this is where he is.
Vipress then chimes in. The Reptile Tribe have always been respected. They made themselves royalty amongst the people through their natural cunning and pride. She was just a girl, thousands of years ago. Not heir to the crown of “Kobra”, far from it. Time passed however, and she grew into the woman she is. Thousands of years ago too though, she stopped growing, as if something needed to be done before she could continue. That was to become Kobra. With the society dead, the world needed that female leader. When she arrived, she saw people who were representing her tribe, the same traits and personality, but nowhere near the prowess. She wasn’t born into it, she made herself it, just like her tribe originally. Cueto admires her drive and says that she should meet Black Lotus, they’d suit each other according to him. Cueto thanks them for the time. “You’ll go far, both of you.” he says.
Mercer, Hero of Mexico and El Dragon Azteca Jr. vs. Worldwide Underground - Trios Match
In the opening recap of the show (I don’t include these in the bookings because it’s just writing down what happened recently, and I do a TL;DR at the end of every episode so I don’t feel the need to recap it twice.) we see the segment of The Lord agreeing to give Mercer an opportunity. But the conditions were made clear, Mercer had no control over who is opponents or partners would be. Then in the segment before the match after the ad break, The Lord is seen handing over a wad of cash to another person’s hand, and after a camera cut is revealed as Gringo Loco. He takes the money and walks off with his crew of 4 or 6 guys/gals. They then make their entrance all together, addressed as “Worldwide Underground”. Gringo Loco is at the helm with Diamanté and KC Navarro too, but they’re joined by a different 3, two guys in leather jackets and shorts, and one girl with a bandana, leather jacket and leather pants. Gringo Loco has his tights and a denim jacket with the American flag across the back, but instead of oozing a “cool” persona like his gang, he’s more of an odd one out as he laughs and runs his mouth, with his ginger hair, shades and bandana looking more comical than cool. That is by design however. The crazy foreigner (that’s what “Gringo Loco” means in English) then runs his mouth but is cut off by the beginning of Mercer’s themes heart pounding opening. He walks out to the stage as the angelic cries sound. He then walks down and owns The Temple, everyone in awe at his presence. His mystery partners then come out, chosen by The Order. Now, we know that Mercer is a part of the Aztec ancestors, and The Order aren’t too fond of them. So, Mercer signed a deal that probably would end in chaos but hey, doesn’t everything in Lucha Underground?
His partners are that of El Dragon Azteca Jr. and Hero of Mexico. That isn’t too bad, right? EDA brought him to The Temple after all, and they’re both Aztec ancestors. Thing is though, Salina de la Renta last week tried to drive a wedge between these two men as she directly told EDA that Hero of Mexico is better than him and he’ll do the Aztec warriors more proud - oof. They come out and seem to have a mutual sign of respect, but we don’t know if that’ll last. Mercer starts off and undresses from his robe, as Gringo Loco continues to trash talk. Mercer then power walks up and offers him his hand, which Gringo takes but then Mercer immediately pulls him in, and Gorilla Presses him into the Gringo Loco’s gang! He then looks out with a tiny grin. He signals for Hero of Mexico to come in, which he obliges to, and Tope’s himself over the top rope into the gang. They catch him to break the fall as per usual, and he slides across their hands so he lands on his feet and then runs up the steps to pump the crowd up. Him and Mercer point at each other from the distance, and then Hero retreats back. Gringo Loco then enters in and slaps Mercer. He gives him a Headbutt and runs the ropes. He tries to collide a Shoulder Block, but Mercer holds his ground. Gringo Loco then kicks him in the gut and hits the Shoulder Block proper. He wipes his mouth and goes back to taunting. He throws Mercer outside where Diamanté and KC Navarro hit double Superkicks to his head. The whole gang then hold him in place for a Suicide Dive!
Gringo Loco then mocks Hero’s taunting atop the stairs, just this time air humping. He then goes back down into the ring where Hero tries to slingshot over, but EDA says he’ll handle business. Gringo is fine with this, and slaps EDA nonetheless. EDA then hits a Handspring Enziguri to Gringo and follows with a Slingshot Leg Drop! He sends him packing outside in a double-team with Mercer, as he Dropkicks him out, Mercer catches, and hits a Michinoku Driver on the outside! KC Navarro then tries to Suplex EDA out onto Mercer, but Mercer grabs him by the legs. He only lifts him onto the apron. KC Navarro then Moonsaults off his shoulders onto Mercer! His gang catch him from falling on the floor. They then separate to surround the ring. Diamanté comes in and awaits El Dragon Azteca Jr, but he’s prepared for her as he ducks a kick and grabs her by the neck. He then jumps off the apron so her neck hits off the ropes. He rolls back in and continues on. He hits a combo of kicks followed with a chop, and then goes for the Tornado Dragon, but Diamanté catches into a Suplex! She then hits a Big Boot to the head of the bent over EDA, who follows into a sitting position, and she hits a Dropkick to him there. She connects the Rolling Cutter and pins, but Hero of Mexico breaks it up. EDA then jumps out the ring onto KC with a Tope Con Hilo over the ring post!
Hero and Diamanté then go high speed. Hero immediately hits a Frankensteiner and pins but Diamanté gets out. Diamanté then runs at him but Hero arm drags, which she counters into a float over pin which Hero gets out of and hits a Roundhouse Kick, followed with a Springboard Head Scissors into the ropes, followed with a Tiger Feint Kick. He goes for a dive then, but he’s pulled out by Gringo Loco and hit with an elbow. EDA and Gringo Loco then both elbow each other, and EDA hits a Hanging Soccer Kick using the apron. Mercer then comes in and counters a Crossbody from Diamanté into a Moonsault and Battery! He tries to cover, but Hero of Mexico comes in and says he’ll finish the job. Mercer leaves, and Hero goes to hit a 630 Senton, and he does so, but he stands up afterwards, and is then rolled up by Diamanté! 1.......2.....3!!!!! The Aztec warriors lose to The Order’s hired gun off a mistake Hero of Mexico made, a man who was deemed to be better than their leader, El Dragón Azteca Jr. EDA looks at Hero with just sheer disappointed, as we cut away.
Marty The Moth Martinez promo:
The man on top of the Lucha Underground world at the moment is Marty The Moth. He recently was gifted the Gauntlet of the Gods by The Lord and his ego starts to inflate more than the Zimbabwe economy. His advances on Salina de la Renta are deeply unsettling, with Salina expressing her concern to The Lord that Marty is a dangerous man despite how he can appear normal. Its brushed off though and now Salina’s future in The Order is looking doubtful. Marty is seen in the bathroom with a picture of Salina, crumpled up and by the looks of it…potentially stained. He admires it and starts to laugh maniacally at the thought of her being his. He then starts to talk to the camera, speaking directly to Salina. Marty is a stalker, pretty obvious, but a stalker works in different ways. The most common type of stalker is one looking for power and control over another, which is something that Marty now has an infinite supply of (in his mind) and he thinks he can have anything and everything. He wants Salina for the power and the feeling that would give him. To show off this control over his narrative he has, he mentions how he has killed all those who stepped in his way. Previously Melissa Santos was the girl of his dreams, but she was a selfish bitch who ran away. He then eliminated one less wicked person from this world. And then Pentagon Jr. tried to take away all he cared about, the Lucha Underground Championship, but he was unsuccessful. Then Marty made sure he could never step up to him again. He says that after he wins the Lucha Underground Championship once again tonight and takes back what is rightfully his, he will have everything. And if Salina doesn’t want him, well that’s too bad. She will be his no matter what on earth will stop him.
The Mack, Dante Fox and Dezmond X vs. The Black Lotus Triad - Trios Cup Semi-Final Match
To refresh each member of The Black Lotus Triad: Miho (Tam Nakano), Oyuki (Hana Kimura) and Yagyu (Arisa Hoshiki). When we return from commercial Matt Striker and Vampiro are in the middle of a recap, when they’re cut off by the audience’s attention all shifting to Black Lotus perched up high in The Temple. Vampiro makes the obligatory “she is so hot, Matt” comment, before she clicks her fingers. She hops over the guardrail and stands atop the office, and looks down at the entrance way. This is when Miho, Oyuki and Yagyu all come out. Black leather pants, black brassieres, we have the three very different women all connected by one trait and one cause. Small but fiery Miho, charismatic but vicious Oyuki, and the terrifyingly dangerous Yagyu – built on nothing but anger, bloodied opponents and broken arms. They all stand in the ring as their master looks down from atop their enemies office, before she storms off through the shadows. You need to be tough to match a scary group of people, fearless, and a bit reckless. Dante Fox, The Mack and Dezmond X all meet these criteria. They climb down the stairs as the Black Lotus Triad realise they’ve met their match. Win and they can hold the Trios gold, but they must over come this opposing triad first. Dezmond X volunteers to enter first, meanwhile Miho does too. Dezmond offers a handshake which Miho accepts, and this establishes the face vs. face dynamic. Dezmond then turns around to murmer a plan, but not before he’s Germaned by Miho!!
Miho stomps on Dezmond X and takes him to the corner. She stomps and stomps down, and then runs from one corner to the other for a Kitchen Sink! She bangs the side of her knee into his head over and over, really showing their aggression. Dezmond then slides under a stomp and hits an Arm Drag. This is when the even action begins. Miho runs for him but he tosses her into the ropes. She rebounds and slides under a leapfrog, then hits the Twilight Dream! 1……2…..Kick Out!! Dezmond rolls out and then Willie Mack comes in, but he’s immediately hit with a 1399!! She tries a Tiger Suplex, but The Mack lifts her into a Samoan Drop followed by a Standing Shooting Star Press! Commentary hype up how this would crush Tam, having a man well over twice her weight jump on her. Tam then rolls out, and this is when Oyuki confidentially sets up to the plate. She looks Mack up and down, then ducks a Clothesline which makes him run into Yagyu – who decimates him with an elbow. Oyuki then hits two consecutive big boots, and when she runs back for a third, she instead hits a picture-perfect dropkick to Dante Fox! Dezmond X and Dante Fox are both now on the outside. Oyuki calls in the others of the Black Lotus Triad to come in the ring and take on The Mack. Oyuki and Miho both Irish whip The Mack into Yagyu, WHO LIFTS HIM UP AND DUMPS HIM OUTSIDE!! Mack sentons himself into his trio mates as the crowd explode for Yagyu.
The Black Lotus Triad take in the crowd until their opposition get up and are ready for a fight. All six are in the ring and each person has another from the other trio fighting them. Dezmond X flips out of a Brainbuster and hits a Pele Kick, but then is hit with a Package Piledriver by Oyuki! Oyuki is then hit with a ARKO from Fox! He goes for a Foxcatcher to Miho, who lands out and hits a double suplex with Yagyu. Miho is then taken out with a Pounce from The Mack, and then its him and Yagyu. The crowd get off their feet at this encounter, just like they did when Yagyu came face to face with The White Rabbit. Yagyu then hammers with elbow and elbow and elbow, taking The Mack to the mat as the believers unload every ounce of applause for her. She then gets up and lets out a primal scream, WHEN SHES HIT FROM OUTTA NOWHERE WITH A FINAL FLASH FROM DEZMOND X!! He then sees Oyuki on the apron and hits the X-19! Him and Mack double team with an Alley Oop + Kotaro Krusher combo!! 1…….2……3!!!! THE FINALS ARE CONFIRMED!!! They all celebrate together as they are destined for the finals. The girls walk off in defeat to a big ovation, and each of the victors bow for their good fight. The Reptile Tribe then come out, with Vipress leading the way. She declares that this occasion is suited for one match. The finals of a tournament based on teamwork, adaption, and violence. They will fight…IN A LLLLLLLLLAAAAAADDDDDDEEEEEERRRRR MAAAAAAAATTCHHHH!!
The Gift of the Gods, Rush:
When we return from commercial break, we get a quick recap of Rush winning the Gift of the Gods Championship and some big moments from that match: Dark Magic diving off the office roof, the announce table spot, and rapid fire clips of each successful pinfall until the final one, and lastly Marty coming out. Rush walks out in a clean white suit and his famed bull mask, with the sleek title wrapped around his waist. He pulls off the mask to reveal his snarling face with a wide grin plastered across. He is handed a mic, but pulls his hand away and places it to his eye in a magnifying glass shape to look at the ceiling. He then snatches the microphone and shouts out that he is “EL........IDOLO!!!!!!” He cuts a quick promo in Spanish where he says “I have reached the top...and even though I did it in an ugly fashion...I still have been chosen by the gods to be the face of Lucha Underground!” He rises his arm to the rooftops when the camera then sees a man behind him...ITS OCTANE! Octane stands behind him on crutches with a microphone. “Hijo de Puta... (motherfucker)”. OCTANE KICKS HIM IN THE INGOBERNABLES! Octane tries to use one of the crutches to batter him more, but he can’t do it and has to regain his stance in the corner. Rush then gets up and sprints at him with a Dropkick! He does a “Con-crutch-to” where he smashes Octane in the head with one of his crutches while his head is lying on the other crutch. Rush then crouches down and holds the Gift of the Gods Championship above Octane’s prone body.
Bandido (c) vs. Marty The Moth vs. The White Rabbit vs. ??? - Lucha Underground Championship
After The White Rabbit and Marty The Moth’s non-finish last week, The Lord would make a promise to the dissatisfied believers - next week they will both face off against Bandido in a Lucha Underground Championship match, in a Four-way. The fourth man will be revealed when the match happens. Bandido enters first despite being champion, The Lord subtly throwing shade his way. The White Rabbit and Marty are both The Order’s boys and so get all the pomp and ceremony for their entrances. The mystery man then walks through the curtain with a full black bodysuit concealing him. He power walks through the believers to the top of the stair way, where he tears away the bodysuit to reveal...DRAGO!!!! The dragon man receives a loud pop for his reveal out of shock. The Lord really booked one of the preliminary Aztec warriors to get a Lucha Underground Championship match, for no reason? Drago is here however, black tongue hanging from his mouth and blue scales covering his body. His pupils stare daggers through the hard camera as they do the other match participants. They all stare at each other as Shaul Guerrero runs down that it is a Lucha Underground Championship match. Marty can’t wait and goes on an early Superkick Party, throwing one at every enemy.
Bandido ducks his one and hits three Superkicks in a row. The first knocks him back, the second makes him fall into the ropes. The third then knocks him out the ring. He runs the ropes and goes to dive but The White Rabbit gets in his way. Bandido then jumps over him instead to Marty. He soaks in the crowd response and scales the ropes to jump back in. The White Rabbit catches him on the fall but drops him when Drago kicks him in the midsection. The White Rabbit then does a double clothesline! He poses in the middle of the ring with all the other competitors around him laid out. Drago rolls out and fights with Marty on the outside. Drago tries to throw him into the office wall, but Marty reverses and throws him in! Drago then lays out in front of the door. The Lord peeps through and smiles, before closing. Marty resumes his business where he stares at The White Rabbit. They tease a fight, but they instead double team Bandido. They beat down on him for a minute or so. The White Rabbit goes for a Superplex, but Bandido counters into a Blockbuster! Marty then is hit with a Dropkick after Bandido jumps off The White Rabbit’s back! He heads out to Drago and throws him into the door, knocking it open. They fight in there, meanwhile Marty sets up some tables on the outside.
Bandido throws Drago back out the office after they fight in there. Drago drags himself into the ring and takes a breather on the ropes. No time for that though as Bandido comes in with a 21-Plex! Marty rushes at him, POP-UP CUTTER! Finger gun...pow. All that’s left is The White Rabbit. He pushes a ladder into the ring and sets it up, beside the tables on the outside. Bandido bangs his head off the side of the steel. The White Rabbit makes Irish whips him and Bandido rebounds off the ropes, heading for him. He tries to throw him over his head through the ladder, sending him through the tables, but Bandido dropkicks him into the ladder! He falls back and rebounds, only to be hit with a Pumphandle Slam! Bandido can’t quite make the cover. The White Rabbit repositions the ladder and grabs the rungs to pull himself back up. Bandido then climbs up after him and they fight on the top. Marty runs in to try and push it down, but Bandido jumps off in the nick of time! THE WHITE RABBIT CRASHES THROUGH THE TABLES!!! Marty looks in shock at what he just did. He goes back out to check on him. Bandido then pulls Drago into the ring and hits a Front Flip DDT! 1..........2.......3!!!! BANDIDO RETAINS HIS LUCHA UNDERGROUND CHAMPIONSHIP!!! Afterwards Salina walks out to look on in disapproval. She shakes her head, but sees Marty and runs off. “The Moth” chases after her.
Marty and Salina confrontation:
Everyone thinks the show has ended, but after the main event we see Marty Martinez and Salina de la Renta outside the temple. Marty is trying to get intimate but Salina refuses. Marty demands she oblige and reminds her of how powerful she is. He has the gauntlet of the gods so he can do whatever he wants. Salina then slaps him and runs off into the night.
submitted by ConorCulture to fantasybooking [link] [comments]


2020.10.03 23:37 A_Wise_Mans_Fear Why doesn't the Zimbabwe alien sighting in the 90s get more mainstream love?

So here's the story: On September 16th, 1994, silver orb-like UFOs landed behind the Ariel School in Zimbabwe during the children’s morning break. According to the children, a strange being then emerged from the ship and even tried to communicate. (for real, all I can think about is that scene from Signs lol)
Coincidentally, on the night of September 14th, just a day and a half before the Ariel School sighting, there were reports of a swarm of multi-colored lights and pyrotechnics across the night sky in Zimbabwe along with neighboring countries Zambia and Botswana. It was deemed a meteor shower. Was this their test run of what happens when entering Earth’s atmosphere?
The kids DREW the ship and aliens! (seriously google image search "aliens ruwa zumbabwe" it's nuts). The children described the being as human-like and around 3 feet tall with a scrawny neck, thin limbs, long straight black hair, and huge eyes. Apparently the thing wore shiny, tight-fitting black clothing, too. The kids also mention that the being rose out of the top of the craft and telepathically communicated - through its eyes. The children said that the messages were horrific, urgent, and environmentally focused, warning about the misuse of technology and harming the earth. Those that received the telepathy also mentioned feeling horrible the rest of the day.
And it's not like it was purported by some crazy people. A Harvard psychologist interviewed the kids! Dr John E. Mack was a professor of psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School as well as Pulitzer prize-winning author. After the Ariel School sighting, Mack travelled to Ruwa to chat with the children. Some of these interviews can even be found on YouTube. The stories were consistent enough for Mack, and he concluded the children were of “sound mind.”
Also there's things about this that I think make it even more legit than other sightings.
1) a typical (alleged) encounter tends to involve few people, often just one. But sixty people witnessed the Ruwa event. Yes, they were children, but it’s still incredible that sixty different stories matched up when scrutinized by a Harvard academic.
2) the Ruwa sighting was just that – a sighting. No reports of abduction. No shouts of artificial insemination. No drunken bar stories about alien probes. Just a sighting. The simplicity of it makes Ruwa more difficult to dismiss, no?
3) possibly most odd, there was an alleged landing in Metapec, Mexico on the exact same date as the Ruwa encounter – September 16th, 1994. According to the Los Angeles Times article, the alleged landing happened in a cornfield and the witness reported seeing a humanoid leave the vehicle. Was this simultaneous visitation coordinated? Did one of the ships take a wrong turn and land in Mexico by mistake?
tldr: an entire class of schoolchildren saw an alien ship land. They DREW pictures. They were interviewed by a Harvard psychologist who believed them. Area 51 gets all the love but this one should get just as much.
Anyway, my name is Andy if you like stuff like this, my writing partner and I have a weekly newsletter where we give good overviews of conspiracies and mysteries and aliens and other such things. Check us out. Or don't. We're gonna write them each week anyway lol. https://conspiracynibbles.substack.com/
EDIT: To everyone who signed up for the newsletter we are PUMPED you gave us your most valuable asset...your time! One day we hope to do this full time because these stories, even if just for five minutes, entertain you and can help you relax/take a break from the REAL crazy in the world. So if it's not too much to ask, we'd be thrilled if you shared and each got a few more people to join!
submitted by A_Wise_Mans_Fear to HighStrangeness [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 15:46 NamNguyen56 Chinese companies take the "blow" in Africa

Chinese companies take the

![img](2e6xjw4f9io51 " Chinese companies take the \"blow\" in Africa Under pressure from environmental organizations, the African nation of Zimbabwe revoked licenses for Chinese mining businesses in the Hwange National Park. ")
China's unusual message to Zimbabwe
The South China Morning Post (SCMP) said that over the years Chinese businesses have received many accusations of non-transparency in operations and destruction of the ecosystem in when looking for raw materials in Africa.
But last week, when Zimbabwe revoked its decision to license Chinese companies to mine in its Hwange National Park, China voiced the African nation's "guidance" on transparency.
Chinese Ambassador to Zimbabwe Guo Shaojun said he wanted the indigenous government to be more transparent and "take advantage of the resources from mining to develop the country and improve the lives of the people". SCMP commented, Guo's message is similar to the attitude commonly seen in US or European diplomats.
Zimbabwe needs to enforce laws and regulations to increase the transparency of businesses in the mining industry and promote sustainable growth for businesses, Guo said in a statement on September 10.
The Chinese diplomat also wants all mining businesses to be monitored to determine if they operate legally, comply with Zimbabwe's labor and environmental protection policy, as well as public companies. Does the company transact minerals through legal channels.
According to SCMP, this view is rarely expressed in a Chinese government official, when it is contrary to the consistent policy declared by Beijing that it does not interfere in the internal affairs of other countries. More notably, Mr. Guo sends his message amidst the Chinese businesses at the center of a debate about mining operations in Zimbabwe's national park.
Zimbabwe issued an operational ban on two Chinese companies - Zhongxin Coal Mining Group and Afrochine Smelting - in Hwange National Park, after environmental campaigners sued the government to avoid "recession. ecosystem "at this park.
Series of scale projects
Hwange Park is home to more than 45,000 elephants, previously licensed by the Zimbabwean government to conduct coal mining by the government of Zimbabwe.
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) Executive Director Inger Andersen welcomed Zimbabwe's ban, calling it "the right decision".
"We don't need to add new coal mines. Protecting biodiversity is important for people and the planet," Ms. Andersen said. The permits of two Chinese businesses were revoked after dozens of elephants were found dead in Hwange Park due to suspected infection.
China also drew criticism a year ago when it imported 30 baby elephants from Hwange - an act that goes against the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which prohibits the purchase selling wild animals.
China is now Zimbabwe's largest investor and financier. In addition to coal mines, Chinese enterprises also exploit gold, diamond and many other minerals in this country. Beijing has been a key economic and diplomatic ally of Zimbabwe since the US and the European Union (EU) imposed sanctions on former President Robert Mugabe's administration.
In Kenya, Chinese companies and their local partners also hit big hurdles in 2019, when a court ordered to halt a $ 2 billion coal-fired power plant project, led by environmentalists. explain that this project jeopardizes a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the coastal town of Lamu. 1.2 billion out of 2 billion USD of project capital was invested from Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC).
SCMP said Beijing is funding eight thermal power projects in Africa, despite the world's No. 2 economy that has committed to cutting emissions under the Paris Agreement.
Competitions between Chinese businesses and environmental groups have been taking place across Africa, from Kenya to Mozambique, Nigeria and the Congo. China is accused of damaging its ecosystem to hunt for products such as oil, metal, wood, sand ...
The environmental organization Greenpeace assesses China's increased demand for wood materials is putting pressure on the forest system in the Congo River basin - the second largest rainforest in the world after Amazone in Latin America.
China is the largest wood importer of Central African countries. Chinese businesses now manage concessional forests equivalent to 25% of the concession area allocated in the Congo basin, according to Greenpeace Africa.
Controversy revolves around China's exploitation in Africa Tal Harris, international coordinator for Greenpeace Africa in Dakar, Senegal, commended the Chinese government for being at the forefront of impressive reforestation and reforestation programs. But "it is unacceptable that Chinese companies are allowed to destroy the world's second largest rainforest".
China is also funding its reforestation program through its Belt and Road initiative, but Greenpeace Africa believes it is important and necessary to manage its business overseas to avoid harm. critical natural habitats.
China also has positive policies to promote sustainable development in Africa, but still has a big gap, said Elizabeth Losos, a research fellow at the Institute of Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University, USA. "between the intentions and the project on the ground".
David Shinn, professor at the Elliott School of International Relations, George Washington University, USA, said that corruption in African governments is also part of the cause. Mr. Shinn has conducted research on the impact of Chinese investments in Africa.
According to Shinn, the corruption causes "African officials often 'open their eyes' to illegal activities or damage the environment. Officials and loggers in Africa are at least complicit in the company." China".
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2020.09.19 07:23 ricklepicklemydickle BRN bagholders needing a way to recover losses? IVZ will take you to the promised land. Make me your new Messiah!

Not financial advice and dyor.
Am sick and stuck in bed. This sub is slow today and I need to be entertained. So figured I'll make a little post here to get your juices going. If there's enough interest, tomorrow I'll post the DD I've accumulated over the last couple of months from other redditors.
But here's why I think you should DYOR into this company asap!
The share price (now 6.4c) sat under 4c for a bit a couple of months and then news of a new minister for energy was appointed in Zimbabwe (where the project sits). This minister is all about growth and his apparent ties to IVZ didn't hurt the share price as it climbed to mid 4s where it sat, flirting with 5c for a month or so as holders accumulated.
The announcement all holders have been waiting for, to get the price rocketing, is the PSA. This Product Sharing Agreement ensures Zimbabwe govt won't be dodge and screw IVZ over. If they do, no one will do business with Zimbabwe ever again. The new president is all about foreign investment so he's onboard.
Oddly enough, the CEO of IVZ tweeted that the PSA was being finalised and close to completion yet the shareprice barely moved. Tells me that as much confidence as CEO has in the PSA, getting anything signed in Africa and above board is risky enough for holders to wait for official announcement. Basically, it isn't priced in yet.
So here I was yesterday chillin on a Friday morning when an article comes out giving IVZ media coverage. Price goes from 5c to 8.5c before settling 6.4c. So a jump, but not a pump and dump type jump. And if it gets dumped... back to 5c isn't a huge fall.
But the timing of this article is interesting. IVZ obviously not very well known but the reward is gargantuan. So holders are thinking article was to raise awareness in time for imminent announcement of PSA, which holders estimate will double the share Price to 12c.
And the second announcement of farmout partner hopefully brings it above 18c.
I'm banking on news this week. Monday with any luck.
Again, more in depth DD to follow if you name me your new Melvin.
Please dyor, this is not financial advice. Just some tinfoil hat autist connecting some dots
Also keen to hear about other imminent triple baggers so please do post it.
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2020.09.15 01:33 MightySilverWolf Unusual Batting Feats

Introduction

Brian Lara's 400*. Don Bradman averaging 99.94. Sachin Tendulkar scoring 15,921 Test runs. Chris Martin scoring 12*. The batsmen who achieved these Herculean feats have all gone down in cricket history. However, these are not the only batting performances which exist. There are multiple cases in which a batsman has achieved something unusual, or even at times truly unique, yet they do not get recognition. This post is dedicated to all those batsmen who have managed to achieve what few others have achieved, regardless of whether those achievements are good or bad.

Howzat?

There are ten methods of dismissal (formerly eleven) in cricket, but of these, only five can be considered 'normal': Bowled, caught, LBW, stumped and run out. One could also make a case for hit wicket, and it's common enough that I don't think it counts as being truly unusual. What about the other five, then? Has any batsman in international cricket been dismissed through any of those methods? Thankfully, Wikipedia has a list which I highly advise you to check out, so I'll just be summarising in this section.
First, there's obstructing the field. Only one batsman has ever been dismissed obstructing the field in Tests, and that batsman is Len Hutton against South Africa in 1951. After striking the ball, he noticed that it was about to land onto his stumps and thus bowl him, so he used his bat to strike the ball a second time and protect his stumps. This is actually a legal manoeuvre for a batsman provided that it doesn't prevent a fielder from taking a catch; unfortunately for Hutton, there was a fielder nearby who was ready to take a catch, so he became the first (and so far only) batsman in Test history to be dismissed obstructing the field.
Interestingly enough, there have been seven instances in ODIs of batsmen being given out obstructing the field. In all of those cases, the batsman in question obstructed throws from fielders in order to avoid being run out, in contrast to Hutton who obstructed a catch in order to avoid being caught. In three of those cases, the batsman used his bat or his body to deflect the ball away from the stumps while out of his crease, and in three other cases, the batsman changed his direction of movement while running in order to block the ball. Ben Stokes was out obstructing the field in the most unusual way, however, when he pulled a Maradona and used his hand to prevent the ball from hitting the stumps in a 2015 ODI against Australia.
There have been two instances of a batsman being dismissed obstructing the field in T20Is. Jason Roy was given out in a 2017 T20I against South Africa for changing his direction of movement while running, and Maldivian cricketer Hassan Rasheed was given out obstructing the field in 2019 for...I don't know, actually. It's pretty hard to find articles on bilateral T20Is between the Maldives and Qatar. If there's anyone here who is an expert on Maldivian or Qatari cricket then I'd appreciate finding out more about this incident.
As for handling the ball, this has happened ten times in international cricket (seven times in Tests and three times in ODIs). In 2013, the Laws were changed so that only the striker could be given out handling the ball and even then only before he had finished playing his stroke (strikers handling the ball after the completion of his stroke, and non-strikers handling the ball at any time, would be given out obstructing the field). In 2017, this method of dismissal was removed entirely and instead came under obstructing the field.
I won't go through all the players, but I will pick out some particular highlights. South Africa's Russell Endean was the first batsman in international cricket to be dismissed handled the ball in 1957 when he used his free hand to knock the ball away from the stumps, but according to a later interview, he actually wanted to head the ball away at first; I don't know whether that's actually against the Laws, but given that they didn't wear helmets back then, I can't imagine that it would have ended well. Michael Vaughan was the last player to be dismissed in this manner in Tests back in 2001, and Zimbabwe's Chamu Chibhaba holds the distinction of being the last cricketer to be dismissed handled the ball in international cricket after he was given out for handling the ball in an ODI against Afghanistan in 2015.
This post is about unusual feats, however, and when it comes to being given out handled the ball, there is none more unusual than the story of Australia's Andrew Hilditch. In a Test match against Pakistan in 1979, following a wayward throw from a fielder, Hilditch (who was at the non-striker's end) decided to return the ball to the bowler. It's actually against the Laws for a batsman to return the ball to a fielder without that fielder's permission, and controversially, the bowler (Sarfraz Nawaz) decided to appeal, which led to Hilditch's dismissal. This would be the only instance in international cricket of a non-striker being given out handled the ball, so Hilditch takes the biscuit when it comes to this unusual method of dismissal.
Retirement is rather unusual in that depending on the situation, the batsman can be considered out or not out. Generally, retirement occurs due to injury, in which case the batsman is considered 'retired hurt' and is entitled to return to the crease upon the fall of a wicket or upon another batsman's retirement. This situation is not at all unusual. What is unusual, though, is a batsman retiring for reasons other than injury, and unless there is some other acceptable reason for their absence (which I'll talk about shortly), the fielding side has the right to prevent them from returning to the crease, in which case they are retired out.
This has only occurred three times in international cricket. In a Test between Bangladesh and Sri Lanka in 2001, in which Sri Lanka demolished the then-new Test nation of Bangladesh, the Sri Lankan captain (Sanath Jayasuriya) retired Marvan Atapattu after he scored his double-century, and later in the same innings, retired Mahela Jayawardene after he smashed 150(115). Obviously, this move was criticised by some for breaching the spirit of the game, and these are the only two instances of batsmen being retired out in Test cricket. The other such instance in international cricket is when Bhutan's Sonam Tobgay was retired out in a 2019 T20I against the Maldives (something about the Maldives and unusual dismissals for some reason), but I can't find any further details of the incident.
Now, this post is generally meant to be a light-hearted celebration of unusual batting achievements, but this next story is rather more sombre. In a 1983 Test between the West Indies and India, Gordon Greenidge was on 154* in the West Indies' first innings when he received news that his daughter was dying; he retired in order to be able to visit her, and she sadly passed away two days later. Although Greenidge had not been injured, he was given as 'retired not out' due to the tragic circumstances. To this day, this is the only instance in international cricket of a batsman being given retired not out.
Hit the ball twice and timed out are perhaps the most unusual dismissals of all in the sense that no batsman has ever been given out for those reasons in international cricket (not yet, anyway; there's a first time for everything). There was one instance, however, in which a batsman could have been timed out in Test cricket, but ultimately wasn't.
The Law states that a batsman must be at the crease within three minutes, else they can be timed out. In a 2007 Test between India and South Africa, Sachin Tendulkar was due to come in at #4. However, he had temporarily been off the field during South Africa's innings, and he still had unserved penalty time when two Indian wickets quickly fell, meaning that he couldn't bat at #4. As a result, India, who were confused by the whole ordeal, didn't send out a batsman for six minutes until Sourav Ganguly finally arrived at #4. Both the umpires and South Africa's captain, Graeme Smith, agreed that an appeal would be against the spirit of the game, but had Smith appealed, this would have been the only instance in international cricket of a batsman being timed out.

The Best Since Bradman

It's common knowledge among cricket fans that Don Bradman holds the record for the highest Test batting average, at 99.94. However, this isn't strictly speaking true. It is correct to say that Bradman has the highest average among batsmen who have played a minimum of twenty innings, but among all batsmen, Bradman only comes in at a measly third (what a fraud). Who are ahead of him, then?
Firstly, let us dispel with the notion that a batsman who is never dismissed has an infinite average. That is not true. A batsman who is never dismissed has an undefined average, since it is impossible to have a batting average without any dismissals. Pakistani off-spinner Afaq Hussain holds the record for the most Test runs scored without being dismissed, having scored 65 runs in four innings.
Looking at batsmen who have been dismissed, however, we come across West Indian wicketkeeper Andy Ganteaume in second place. The poor lad struggled to get into the Test team because of his slow scoring rate in tour matches, but an injury to Jeff Stollmeyer forced the selectors to play him against England. In his only Test innings in 1948, Ganteaume hit 112 but was criticised (once again) for scoring too slowly and was subsequently dropped; he would never play another Test match. Still, he can lay legitimate claim to having a higher Test batting average than Bradman, which only one other batsman has achieved.
Who's the best since Bradman, then? With a minimum cut-off of twenty innings, we have Adam Voges, Steve Smith and Marnus Labuschagne, all Australian, two of them still active international cricketers. As is tradition at this point, the batsman with the highest Test batting average of all time is an active Australian cricketer, Kurtis Patterson to be precise. He forced himself into the team after scoring twin centuries in a tour match and although he only scored 30 in his first innings, he scored 114* in his second to end up with an average of 144.
Australian fans go crazy over Smith and Labuschagne, declaring them to be the best since Bradman. Little do they realise that they have in their ranks a batsman who is not only statistically better than Bradman but who is also statistically better than the GOAT Test batsman Andy Ganteaume.
How about ODIs, though? Who has the highest ODI batting average of all time? I'll give you a hint: He's a Dutch player. No, it's not Ryan ten Doeschate; it is, in fact, Max O'Dowd. He scored 86* in his first innings followed by a score of 59 in his second innings to end up with an average of 145. South African Irish cricketer Curtis Campher comes in at second with an average of 127.
Who has scored the most runs in ODIs without being dismissed, though? Well, let me ask you a different question: Who is England's greatest ever ODI player? If you said Jos Buttler then you'd be wrong. By law, anything that Buttler can do, Foakes can do better, and Ben Foakes does in fact hold the record for the most runs in ODIs without being dismissed, having scored 61* in his only ODI innings. Buttler would never.
In T20Is, the greatest ever batsman is someone who you probably haven't even heard of. Chris Gayle calls himself 'Universe Boss', but the true Universe Boss is surely the guy who averages 126 in T20Is. Enter Portugal's Najjam Shahzad, who scored 27* in his first innings, 46 in his second and 53* in his third. Not only does he have the highest T20I average of all time but he's also improving with every innings, so it won't be long until Portugal becomes a powerhouse in T20I cricket thanks to megadaddy hundreds from Universe Boss Najjam Shahzad.
If Shahzad is the Universe Boss, however, then Saudi Arabia's Mohammad Adnan is the Multiverse Boss. He holds the record for the most runs in T20Is without being dismissed, scoring 14*, 38* and 8* in his three innings. Not only that, but he has a career strike rate of 193.54, so he doesn't waste time. Give this man an IPL contract already.

Duck, Duck, Goose

Ducks and golden ducks are not unusual in and of themselves. That doesn't mean that scoring a duck or golden duck can't still be unusual feats, however; it all depends on how those ducks or golden ducks come about.
You might be aware that New Zealand's Geoff Allott holds the record for the most balls faced for a duck in Tests, having faced 77 balls against South Africa in 1999 (he also holds the record for the longest duck, having batted for a whopping 101 minutes). What about the other formats, though? The late West Indian batsman Runako Morton holds the record for most balls faced for a duck in ODIs, having scored 0(31) against Australia in 2006 (unsurprisingly, the West Indies lost that match). Morton took 56 minutes for his duck, which is also an ODI record.
T20Is are where it gets juicy, however. Canada's Sandeep Jyoti holds the record for most balls faced for a duck in T20Is, scoring 0(12) against Zimbabwe in 2008 (it was a close match, though, as Canada only lost by 109 runs). In terms of minutes batted, however, Zimbabwe's Brendan Taylor holds that record, having batted for 19 minutes in a T20I against South Africa in 2010 for a five-ball duck; Jyoti, by comparison, batted for 15 minutes.
The record for most balls faced for a golden duck is...one. By definition, golden ducks involve the batsman facing exactly one ball. However, who took the longest time for their golden duck?
In Tests, that accolade belongs to Bangladesh's Nazmul Hossain, who spent 14 minutes at the crease against India in a 2004 match before being run out for a golden duck. England fans were probably waiting in anticipation for a superb knock from the #3 batsman, Martyn Moxon, when they were 47-1 against Australia in a 1985 ODI, but after 19 minutes of tension, Moxon was dismissed LBW off his first ball. In a 2015 T20I between England and Pakistan, Pakistani opener Rafatullah Mohmand somehow conspired to spend 17 minutes at the crease before being dismissed LBW in the third over for a golden duck; amazingly, he was only two minutes away from equalling the record for the longest duck in T20Is!
What if a batsman just doesn't feel like scoring runs, though, and ends on 0*? Obviously, batsmen can end on something like 0*(0) or 0*(1) or 0*(5), and that wouldn't be too unusual. The truly remarkable feats are when a batsman plays a marathon innings and yet still finishes on 0*. Some of these players put Geoffrey Boycott to shame.
Firstly, let's consider Tests. In 1968, England scored 351/7d in the first innings and bowled Australia out for 78, forcing them to follow on. Cricinfo states that Paul Sheahan 'never completely mastered the art of crease occupation', which is a bizarre claim to make about a player who faced 44 balls in Australia's second innings without scoring a run, thus not only securing the draw but also setting a record which remains unbroken to this day. His marathon innings took 52 minutes, which is a joint record along with New Zealand bowler Danny Morrison's 0*(30) against South Africa in 1995.
Fun fact: Had Jack Leach not scored that single at Headingley while still remaining not out, he would have broken this record having batted for 60 minutes, yet assuming that he completed his final over, he would have only faced 20 balls (fewer than half the balls Paul Sheahan faced). I think this demonstrates just how effective Stokes was at farming the strike.
Moving on to ODIs, Zimbabwean #11 batsman Chris Mpofu (who averages 2.85 with the bat) holds the record here, having scored 0*(20) in a tenth-wicket partnership of 12(38) against Bangladesh in 2006. His partner was the #10 batsman (and Zimbabwe's captain) Prosper Utseya, who certainly didn't prosper with his 21(42), thus stranding Mpofu 80 balls short of his dentury. Who holds the record for the longest 0*, though?
Picture the scene. It's March 2019 and Sri Lanka is struggling in an ODI against South Africa. It's the first innings and Lasith Malinga has been run out for a duck, leaving Sri Lanka on 131/9 after just 33.4 overs. Everyone knows about Kusal Perera's incredible 153* earlier that year, but what happened next, while not nearly as impressive, was nonetheless incredible. #9 batsman Isuru Udana and #11 batsman Kasun Rajitha put on a tenth-wicket stand of 58 runs from just 34 balls. Udana ends on 78(57). Rajitha ends on 0*(9), having batted for exactly half an hour. South Africa still won comfortably, but Rajitha's immense innings saw him enter the history books as having scored the longest 0* in ODI history. Udana's innings was alright as well.
Finally, in T20Is, the record for the most balls faced for a 0* is held by Bermuda's Rodney Trott, who scored 0*(7) against the Netherlands in 2019. Cricinfo doesn't know how long it took, however. For that, we have to look towards India's Yuzvendra Chahal, who took 15 minutes for his 0*(4) against Australia in 2019. Solid contribution from him.
All these feats are just in one innings, though. Some batsmen go above and beyond that and spend their entire career not scoring runs (either that or they don't know what a batsman's main job is). Two Sri Lankan players (Ishara Amerasinghe and Dinuka Hettiarachchi) hold the joint record for most balls faced in Tests without scoring a single run, both having faced 25 balls. In fact, the entire top four is made up of Sri Lankans; clearly, a significant proportion of Sri Lankan cricketers view run-scoring as optional. Hettiarachchi (who Cricinfo reckons is an all-rounder despite an FC batting average of 9.55) beats out everyone when it comes to minutes batted, though, having batted for 39 minutes in Tests without scoring a single run.
Bangladesh's Harunur Rashid holds the record for most balls faced in ODIs without scoring a run, having faced 17 in total. However, we have to look to our old friend Rajitha to find the player who's batted the most minutes in ODIs without scoring a run; he has batted at least 32 minutes, almost all of which comes from his partnership with Udana. Portugal's Sukhwinder Singh has faced nine balls in T20Is without scoring a run, which is the record, but Shaheen Shah Afridi and Mathew Sinclair both hold the joint-record for having batted seven minutes in T20Is without scoring a run.

Diamond Ducks Are Forever

Ducks and golden ducks aren't too unusual for the most part, but diamond ducks (in which a batsman is dismissed without facing a single ball) are. Think of what needs to happen for a diamond duck to occur. The player can't be a striker for obvious reasons, so bowled, caught, LBW, stumped, hit wicket and hit the ball twice (all of which can only apply to the striker) are out of play. Timed out is out of play as soon as a batsman enters the crease. This leaves just three possible dismissals for a diamond duck: Run out, obstructing the field and retired out. The latter two almost never happen, so diamond ducks almost always occur due to run-outs.
There have been 153 diamond ducks in ODIs and 53 diamond ducks in T20Is, so in those formats, diamond ducks aren't that unusual. This makes sense, of course, as run-outs are more likely to occur in those formats. Tests are where diamond ducks count as an unusual batting feat, as there have been in the history of Tests only 29 diamond ducks that we know of. Chris Martin holds the unfortunate distinction of being the only cricketer in the history of Tests to be dismissed for a diamond duck twice (one of which came in his final Test innings, which is a perfect summation of his batting career).
Most of these diamond ducks have of course come through run-outs, but there have been seven international diamond ducks (three in ODIs and four in T20Is) which have come through stumpings. On the surface, this shouldn't be possible; how can a batsman be stumped without facing a ball? The answer is simple: Leg-side stumpings. In white-ball cricket, any leg-side delivery tends to be given as a wide, and the odd thing about wides is that they do not count as a ball faced by the striker yet the striker can be dismissed stumped or hit wicket off of them. This would explain why this kind of diamond duck has occurred seven times in LOIs yet has never occurred in the history of Test cricket.
FWIW, there has yet to be an international diamond duck from a method of dismissal other than run out and stumped, but it is theoretically possible for a batsman who is dismissed hit wicket (off a wide), obstructing the field or retired out to achieve a diamond duck. Will any batsman be brave enough to make history and try to achieve what would be a unique feat by being dismissed for a diamond duck through one of these modes of dismissal? We'll have to wait and see.

Specialist Six-Hitters

So far, this post has been focusing largely on defensive stalwarts, but those are boring to watch. Everyone knows that real cricket is about walking up to the crease and hitting sixes from the get-go, so this section will be dedicated to those players who consider a strike rate under 600 to be too defensive. No score illustrates this mentality better than the rare 6*(1), so let's start with that.
In all the Tests throughout history, only once has a batsman finished on a score of 6*(1). The year is 1993 and Sri Lanka's Sanath Jayasuriya enters the crease with his team five wickets down but needing just four runs to beat England. Phil Tufnell is the bowler who is trying to take his wicket and help pull off a miracle for England, but Jayasuriya is having none of it and promptly smacks his first delivery for six. As far as Tests go, Jayasuriya's 6*(1) is a true case of batting scorigami (maybe I'll do a cricket scorigami post at some point).
As for ODIs and T20Is, a final score of 6*(1) is more common as you might imagine. In fact, it has occurred nine times in ODIs and thirteen times in T20Is. It appears to be the case that when a batsman is dismissed on the penultimate ball of the first innings, the batting team will send out a specialist six-hitter to get the job done. Credit goes to Afghan wicketkeeper Shafiqullah and England all-rounder Chris Jordan for being the only two players to achieve this unusual feat twice (Shafiqullah has achieved it twice in T20Is whereas Jordan has achieved it once in ODIs and once in T20Is).
A 6*(1) is probably my second-favourite score, but you know what my favourite score is? 6(2). I don't think any score illustrates the dual nature of batting quite like this one does. You can be dominating a bowler and smashing them for six one moment, then the very next moment, you can find yourself dismissed by the same bowler. It's poetic. It represents not only the duality of batsmen but the duality of man himself; you can be breezing through life one second then you could be rock-bottom the next. 6(2) is not just a score; it is a representation of life itself, cricket's ode to the erratic nature of mankind's existence.
Much like 6*(1), 6(2) has only occurred once in Test cricket, in 1958 to be precise. The West Indies were 401 runs behind Australia heading into the third innings and they required a miracle just to stay in the game. A 179-run partnership between Walcott and Sobers gave the West Indies hope, but they then proceeded to collapse from 244/3 to 283/8. In comes Frank King at #10 with his team needing over a hundred runs just to make Australia bat again. Not wanting to go down without a fight, he heaves the bowler for six off his first ball. Alas, his very next ball results in him being caught, but one cannot fault King for his effort in the face of certain defeat (apart from the fact that he had Everton Weekes at the other end, but we'll just ignore that).
This scoreline of 6(2) has occurred ten times in ODIs and eleven times in T20Is. No batsman in international cricket has ever achieved it twice. The first player to achieve it twice will thus have their names etched in the history books for their unique feat.
South Africa's Mangaliso Mosehle deserves special mention, though. He has achieved the ultimate cricket scorigami: His score of 6(1) against Sri Lanka in a 2016 T20I is the only such score in the entire history of international cricket. He came in at #6 at the end of South Africa's ninth over and hit his first international ball for six. He was then run out as the non-striker in the next over, leaving him on a score of 6(1). Not only did his team win the match, but Mosehle achieved what no other batsman has achieved before or since. Truly, his name must be counted among the likes of Lara, Tendulkar and Bradman for this one-of-a-kind feat.
In cases such as 6*(1) and 6(1), the batsman was left with a strike rate of 600. Can it go higher, though? Has any batsman done better than 600? For the first question, the answer is surprisingly yes. It is indeed theoretically possible for a batsman to finish an innings with a strike rate greater than 600. If he hits a ball for three and the fielding side then throws the ball to the boundary, the number of runs scored off of that delivery will be 3 + 4 overthrows = 7. This is how it would theoretically be possible for a batsman to conclude an innings with a strike rate greater than 600.
Does this mean that there is a batsman out there who has struck at a rate greater than 600? Unfortunately, no. Though it is doable, it has never happened in international cricket. The highest SR ever achieved in an international innings is 600; that includes Mosehle, all the players who have scored 6*(1), and Afghanistan's Dawlat Zadran, who against Oman in 2016 scored 12*(2) to win his team the T20I by three wickets with three balls remaining. He clearly did his job as specialist six-hitter very well indeed, for he is the only batsman in international cricket to have finished an innings with a strike rate of 600 having faced more than one ball.
Since no batsman has struck at greater than 600 in an innings, it stands to reason that no batsman has struck at greater than 600 over their career. Has anyone struck at exactly 600, though? Is there a batsman who hit their only ball in international cricket for six?
No-one's done it in Tests, that's for sure. The batsman with the highest confirmed career strike rate in Tests is Australia's Fred Freer, who hit 28*(21) in his only innings for a career SR of 133.33. However, Bill Howell (also Australian) may have had an SR of up to 205.88, though we don't have full ball-by-ball data for his innings.
In ODIs and T20Is, the records are undisputed. South African pace bowler Johann Louw holds the accolade in ODIs, having scored 23(7) in his only innings for a career strike rate of 328.57, and Bahrain's Qasim Zia hit a four off his only international delivery to take the record for the highest career strike rate in T20Is.
As you can see, not only has no batsmen ever finished with a career SR greater than 600, but none have even managed to finish with an SR of exactly 600. To strike at greater than 600 over the course of an innings would be unique in international cricket; to strike at exactly 600 over the course of a career would be truly special; to strike at greater than 600 over the course of a career, however, would be the holy grail of unusual batting feats. The player who manages to achieve that would surely go down in cricketing folklore for all eternity.

To Be Or Not To Be On Strike

All of the aforementioned batting feats require that the batsman has actually faced a ball. What if that's not the case, though? What if a batsman's dedication to weirdness is so great that they do not even bother to get themselves on strike? Or, perhaps more accurately, what if a batsman's dedication to weirdness is so great that they do not allow their partner to take the strike?
That is precisely what happened in 2012 when England faced Pakistan in the first Test of the tour. With Pakistan on 319/9 in their first innings, Adnan Akmal evidently didn't trust his partner Aizaz Cheema to face even one delivery, with the result that the two batsmen put on a 19-run partnership for the tenth wicket despite Cheema not facing a single ball. What makes this notable is that Cheema batted for 20 minutes without facing a delivery, which is a Test match record. Amusingly, Cheema ended his career with five innings batted, five not-outs, a high score of 1*, 23 balls faced and a strike rate of 4.34.
As for T20Is, I must admit that I am rather bemused. Afghanistan's Amir Hamza holds the record for the most minutes batted in a T20I innings without facing a ball, having batted for 10 minutes against the Netherlands in 2013. However, I'm confused as to how he managed to achieve this. Afghanistan's ninth wicket fell on the final ball of the nineteenth over, and so Hamza's partner faced the first ball of the final over. However, Hamza was also run out for a diamond duck on the first ball of the final over. This means that the gap between the end of the nineteenth over and the beginning of the final over was 10 minutes. How is that even possible in a T20I? Cricinfo isn't helping me at all here.
Now for the reason I wanted to make this post in the first place. This particular innings took place in 2017, during an ODI between Australia and New Zealand. New Zealand had set the Aussies a target of 287 and the chasing side found themselves facing certain defeat on 226/9, with only Marcus Stoinis and Josh Hazlewood left at the crease.
What happened next was nothing short of spectacular. Stoinis somehow managed to farm the strike with such effectiveness that immediately prior to the final ball of the 47th over, the two batsmen had put on a tenth-wicket partnership of 54 runs and needed just six more runs to win. The kicker? Hazlewood didn't face a single ball. Stoinis had faced every single delivery in the partnership. Australia's innings finally ended on the final ball of the 47th over when Hazlewood was run out for a diamond duck while attempting to take a single, but if Stoinis had pulled it off, it would surely have been one of the greatest ODI innings of all time.
All in all, Hazlewood batted for 26 minutes, which is by far the longest innings by a batsman without facing a single ball in the history of international cricket. When I first heard about this stat, I couldn't believe it; I found it so unusual and so unique that I decided to look for more weird and wonderful batting feats, and that's how this post came about. Hats off to specialist non-striker Josh Hazlewood, then, for inspiring me to do this.
You might think that any batsman who faces zero balls in an innings can only end up with a score of either 0 or 0*, and if you think that, you'd be right. Nonetheless, while searching through Cricinfo's database to find the weirdest batting feats out there, I came across this scorecard. Apparently, this is due to a scoring error as the scorer incorrectly neglected to count the no-ball as a ball faced. The fact that this is the only such instance of this happening in Cricinfo's database supports this theory.
Hazlewood's achievement was superb, but even he only managed it in one innings. How about over an entire career? Who holds the record for the most minutes batted over a career without facing a ball? Unfortunately, Cricinfo won't let me find that out for Tests, and the ODI and T20I data present nothing at all unusual (the record is 2 minutes for ODIs and 5 minutes for T20Is, in case you're wondering).
Matches played is somewhat more interesting. Once again, Cricinfo won't let me do this for Tests, but India's Jaydev Unadkat holds the record for the most ODIs played without facing a single ball, having played in seven ODIs. However, he's also never had to bat; if we restrict our search only to those who have batted at least one innings, Lance Gibbs and Pakistan's Mohammad Khalil come out on top, both having played three ODIs without facing a ball.
The West Indies' Krishmar Santokie holds the record for the most T20Is played without facing a single ball, having played in twelve of them (talk about specialist bowler!), although India's Mohammed Shami and Scotland's Hamza Tahir are closing in on that record, both having played in eleven T20Is without facing a single ball. Unlike Unadkat (and Shami and Tahir, for that matter), Santokie actually batted in one innings (against Ireland in 2014), though that would be his only international innings with the bat.

Extra, Extra!

I don't think Extras gets enough credit. The dude's been batting for 144 years and yet no-one praises his longevity. This final section will thus be dedicated to the man, the myth, the legend, Mr. Extras himself.
Despite his long and illustrious career, Extras has only top-scored in 19 completed Test innings. The lowest such score came in 1924; England scored 438 in the first innings while South Africa could only manage 30, with Extras scoring a swashbuckling 11 to lessen South Africa's humiliation. The skipper, Herbie Taylor, was the next-highest scorer with 7; a true captain's knock from him. Extras' highest score was a 76 for Pakistan against India in 2007 (he had also scored 38 and 41 in India's two innings, so it was a good match for him), but this was not the highest score in the innings.
In total, Extras has top-scored in 39 completed ODI innings. This includes a 2004 ODI between Zimbabwe and Sri Lanka, in which Extras scored 7 of Zimbabwe's 35 runs (tied with Dion Ebrahim for Zimbabwe's top scorer that game). Extras has also scored three half-centuries in ODIs, his highest score of 59 occurring twice in 1989 and 1999, both for Pakistan. For some reason, Extras just really loves scoring for Pakistan.
Extras has top-scored in 10 completed T20I innings, the lowest of which was once again a score of 7, this time coming for Turkey against Luxembourg in 2019 (Turkey scored just 28 runs in that match). Extras has never scored a half-century in T20Is, with his top score being 39 for Czechia against Turkey in 2019.
That's strange. This Extras fellow, despite having a 144-year-long batting career, has never scored a century, or even approached a century. I personally think that he's been given enough chances and should be dropped. I've heard that he can't even field or bowl, so what's the point in having him in the team if he's not scoring?

Conclusion

When discussing impressive batting feats, a lot of people place emphasis on comparisons: Who has the better average? Who has scored more runs? Who has the better strike rate in white-ball cricket? Who has the better beard? Who has the lower dot-ball percentage when batting in the third innings of the second Test in the series on a Tuesday with a lead of 100 runs or more?
However, the most unusual achievements in the art of batting tend not to derive from excellence in the craft but rather from unique circumstances which lead to bizarre stats or scorelines. To achieve what no batsman has achieved before in international cricket, even if it's something terrible such as becoming the first batsman in the history of international cricket to be out hit wicket for a diamond duck, is impressive in its own way. Also, the subsequent memes can be pretty funny.
I hope you enjoyed the read. Next time, I'll be doing the same thing but for bowling. Get ready for first-ball wickets and economy rates of 0.
submitted by MightySilverWolf to Cricket [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 14:52 SAtechnewsbot Mastercard and Zimswitch Partner to Transform Payments Sector in Zimbabwe

Mastercard and Zimswitch Partner to Transform Payments Sector in Zimbabwe submitted by SAtechnewsbot to SAtechnews [link] [comments]


2020.09.08 10:10 SAtechnewsbot Schweppes Zimbabwe partners with MACmobile for optimised sales force and customer relations

Schweppes Zimbabwe partners with MACmobile for optimised sales force and customer relations submitted by SAtechnewsbot to SAtechnews [link] [comments]


2020.08.29 23:30 moonmoonla I (22, F, bi, disabled) struggles to date in person,never been on a date, and I had 2 LDR in the past (My bf ex (27, 1 yr), ex-girl lasted 5 months, and current LDR with a 21F). Is it possible to continue love life like this? How can I improve? I live in USA and I struggle to make friendships even.

Also I would like to add that I am an immigrant as well from Mexico. I don't have any ethnicity/culture/racial preference for dating or friendship but in the college that I went to - many lived in white neighborhoods so they tended to hang out with their own culture/ethnicities. I just struggled to even mingle. I felt lonely so I resorted to online and I met WONDERFUL people from other places of the world. I even dated, and currently I am in my 3rd LDR. However, I do envy people who find people in their area. I tried meeting people in my area and it went awful, awkward, extreme fetishization towards the idea of dating a Mexican woman, and I didn't felt any spark. Mostly, they are interested in hooking up, which I don't like.
Quarantine has made me re-evaluate and reflect my choices as I am only 22 but I never had a date in person or a kiss. I really want to change this, but the people who I really like tend to live far (far as in India, Zimbabwe, etc). I don't have much money as I am focused on my education in order to excell professionally. I do struggle with social anxiety and my disability of being deaf/hard of hearing makes me have low self-esteem because I think the other person may not have the patience enough to repeat sentences more than 3 times, which in my experience, even as friends, they get FUSTRATED.
The more I analyze my love life, the more I think once I have more financial freedom, I am going to visit a LDR partner, because this is ridiculous that I can't even form a close friendship let alone a relationship in my area- except professionally but I do separate work and personal life STRICTLY.
What shall I do?
submitted by moonmoonla to relationship_advice [link] [comments]


2020.08.28 22:54 SavageTruths74 Debunking recent post trying to debunk socialist arguments on poverty.

"It's absolutely true that capitalism has made the world a better place."
you are correct, even Lenin agreed capitalism generates wealth. but there are many problems that i will not address here.
" Never mind that you can spend far less in developing countries, or that $1.25 to $1.90 is what is needed to sustain one adult in some country. Here's the problem with this statement. It's true that since 1981, one billion have been added if we use the $7.40 mark. What this fails to take into account is that the population of the world in 1981 was 4.52 billion, and that the population of the world today is 7.594 billion. Thus, this means that although the world population has nearly doubled, fewer were born under this very high mark than were above it. Indeed, we would find that 2.074 billion people have been born above this $7.40 mark. Keep in mind a doctor in Cuba, which has access to basic essentials although his/her quality of life is rather poor, is paid only $2 a day. If a socialist brings up this meaningless statistic, simply ask them if the 2.074 billion born above $7.40 is a success due to capitalism?"
you completely do not know the socialist argument. the world bank shifted the IPL from the original 1.02$ (at 1985 PPP) to 1.08$ (1993 PPP) which, given inflation was lower in real terms. The Ipl changed again in 2008, to 1.25$. keeping the IPL for over a decade at 1.08$ artificially made it look like there were less poor people, and adjusting it at 1.25 only partly corrected the problem since 1.25 is lower than 1.08 when adjusted for inflation. very simple.
Sources: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/b... https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/h... http://iresearch.worldbank.org/Povcal... https://web.archive.org/web/201312220... https://web.archive.org/web/201403102... https://thenextrecession.wordpress.co... http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opin... https://thenextrecession.wordpress.co...
"Ironic, as many African countries could not be described as capitalist at all. African poverty also predates colonialism, although you can also read about the myth of capitalist colonialism here. There's a lot to go into why Africa is poor, but it's in large part due to corruption, some degree of colonialism, and more. But ironically, many 'poor' African countries today adopted socialism after colonization! It was a miserable fiasco in country after country including Angola (under dos Santos), Benin (under Kerekou), Ethiopia (under Mengistu), Ghana (under Nkrumah), Guinea (under Toure), Mali (under Keita), Mozambique (under Chissano), Tanzania (under Nyerere), and Zambia, among others. In 1961, workers on Ghana state farms barely produce enough to feed themselves let alone the nation. In Tanzania, Ujamaa destroyed the country’s agriculture. Ethiopia’s misguided villagization program did the same. Zimbabwe socialist experiment ended in disaster, transforming the country which used to be called the breadbasket of the region into a net food importer, with millions facing starvation."
funny, most of the world was in "poverty" so to say "poverty in africa predates colonialism" is bollocks
https://geography.name/colonialism-in-africa/#:~:text=Colonialism%20in%20Africa%201%20OVERVIEW%20OF%20COLONIALISM.%20Between,through%20a%20combination%20of%20diplomacy%20and%20military%20force.
Africa not being under developed stems from European colonialism. to learn how read this.
you are right though a lot of the socialist experiments in africa failed because they were unorganized, not really funded and lacked trading partners. it was the same mistake mao made. but this is not evidence against socialism as many capitalist nations have failed just like that or worse.
look at for example the USSR, there outcome was different. yes originally they had a few famines after dealing with organizing, industrializing, fighting off several invasions, beating nazis and dealing with counter revolutionaries still became a world superpower, challenging even the strongest of capitalist nations. for more on this read this https://www.reddit.com/AskSocialists/comments/iciy6z/the_ussr_as_an_example_of_socialist_success/
"Ironically, the most prosperous African countries are ones that embraced capitalism!. Take for example, Botswana. Growth in private sector employment averages 10% each year, and it's economy is the second freest in Africa. It's regarded as the most prosperous country in Africa, and poverty has sharply declined recently. Go through the rest of the list and you'll find all the countries at the top are capitalist."
ill take your word on it. most likely yes. but this is cherrypicking, super regulated big state economies also prosper and are the happiest nations on earth. not to mention the top "most free" economies being Hong Hong, Singapore and others are doing a lot worse than there regulated counterparts.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EUHDAfD0Z-Q https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eg3PL2HtXbk https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/07/22/world/asia/hong-kong-housing-inequality.html
"Each year, we give 133 billion to Africa. And yet, it would only cost 5 billion to end hunger there? It's true Africa loses more than it receives it year, but this is the result of bad government and corruption. The issue here, then, is not how much we should be redistributing to Africa, but how we can stop multinational corporations from taking advantage of Africa and why they need to fix their governments. The article I posted in '5 billion' also shows why self-sufficiency, not food aid, is the answer. The notion that Western nations should simply ship food to Africa is ridiculous, as simply dumping food in Africa is not going to help."
i cant find where it says 133 billion, i see much less but i wont go hard on you for that. we may aid them but we also plunder there resources for even more money.
https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2017/may/24/world-is-plundering-africa-wealth-billions-of-dollars-a-year https://www.themindfulword.org/2013/stealing-africa-resources-poor
a good bit does have to do with corruption but since we live in a capitalist for-profit world what can i say? but i do agree self sufficiency is better, and dumping in africa especially with corruption is not the best of options. although historically "dumping" has worked.
i really wanted to go in depth on everything but i decided not to for the sake of time.
submitted by SavageTruths74 to Capitalism [link] [comments]


2020.08.25 22:37 SavageTruths74 ..

"It's absolutely true that capitalism has made the world a better place."
you are correct, even Lenin agreed capitalism generates wealth. but there are many problems that i will not address here.
" Never mind that you can spend far less in developing countries, or that $1.25 to $1.90 is what is needed to sustain one adult in some country. Here's the problem with this statement. It's true that since 1981, one billion have been added if we use the $7.40 mark. What this fails to take into account is that the population of the world in 1981 was 4.52 billion, and that the population of the world today is 7.594 billion. Thus, this means that although the world population has nearly doubled, fewer were born under this very high mark than were above it. Indeed, we would find that 2.074 billion people have been born above this $7.40 mark. Keep in mind a doctor in Cuba, which has access to basic essentials although his/her quality of life is rather poor, is paid only $2 a day. If a socialist brings up this meaningless statistic, simply ask them if the 2.074 billion born above $7.40 is a success due to capitalism?"
you completely do not know the socialist argument. the world bank shifted the IPL from the original 1.02$ (at 1985 PPP) to 1.08$ (1993 PPP) which, given inflation was lower in real terms. The Ipl changed again in 2008, to 1.25$. keeping the IPL for over a decade at 1.08$ artificially made it look like there were less poor people, and adjusting it at 1.25 only partly corrected the problem since 1.25 is lower than 1.08 when adjusted for inflation. very simple.
Sources: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/b... https://web.archive.org/web/201501120... http://books.google.com.qa/books?id=E... https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/h... http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/Publications... http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12... http://www.sarpn.org/documents/d0002130/ http://iresearch.worldbank.org/Povcal... https://web.archive.org/web/201312220... https://web.archive.org/web/201403102... https://thenextrecession.wordpress.co... http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opin... https://thenextrecession.wordpress.co...
"Ironic, as many African countries could not be described as capitalist at all. African poverty also predates colonialism, although you can also read about the myth of capitalist colonialism here. There's a lot to go into why Africa is poor, but it's in large part due to corruption, some degree of colonialism, and more. But ironically, many 'poor' African countries today adopted socialism after colonization! It was a miserable fiasco in country after country including Angola (under dos Santos), Benin (under Kerekou), Ethiopia (under Mengistu), Ghana (under Nkrumah), Guinea (under Toure), Mali (under Keita), Mozambique (under Chissano), Tanzania (under Nyerere), and Zambia, among others. In 1961, workers on Ghana state farms barely produce enough to feed themselves let alone the nation. In Tanzania, Ujamaa destroyed the country’s agriculture. Ethiopia’s misguided villagization program did the same. Zimbabwe socialist experiment ended in disaster, transforming the country which used to be called the breadbasket of the region into a net food importer, with millions facing starvation."
funny, most of the world was in "poverty" so to say "poverty in africa predates colonialism" is bollocks
https://geography.name/colonialism-in-africa/#:~:text=Colonialism%20in%20Africa%201%20OVERVIEW%20OF%20COLONIALISM.%20Between,through%20a%20combination%20of%20diplomacy%20and%20military%20force.
africa not being under developed stems from european colonialism. to learn how read this.
you are right though a lot of the socialist experiments in africa failed because they were unorganized, not really funded and lacked trading partners. it was the same mistake mao made. but this is not evidence against socialism as many capitalist nations have failed just like that or worse.
look at for example the USSR, there outcome was different. yes originally they had a few famines after dealing with organizing, industrializing, fighting off several invasions, beating nazis and dealing with counter revolutionaries still became a world superpower, challenging even the strongest of capitalist nations. for more on this read this https://www.reddit.com/AskSocialists/comments/iciy6z/the_ussr_as_an_example_of_socialist_success/
"Ironically, the most prosperous African countries are ones that embraced capitalism!. Take for example, Botswana. Growth in private sector employment averages 10% each year, and it's economy is the second freest in Africa. It's regarded as the most prosperous country in Africa, and poverty has sharply declined recently. Go through the rest of the list and you'll find all the countries at the top are capitalist."
ill take your word on it. most likely yes. but this is cherrypicking, super regulated big state economies also prosper and are the happiest nations on earth. not to mention the top "most free" economies being Hong Hong, Singapore and others are doing a lot worse than there regulated counterparts.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EUHDAfD0Z-Q https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eg3PL2HtXbk https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/07/22/world/asia/hong-kong-housing-inequality.html
"Each year, we give 133 billion to Africa. And yet, it would only cost 5 billion to end hunger there? It's true Africa loses more than it receives it year, but this is the result of bad government and corruption. The issue here, then, is not how much we should be redistributing to Africa, but how we can stop multinational corporations from taking advantage of Africa and why they need to fix their governments. The article I posted in '5 billion' also shows why self-sufficiency, not food aid, is the answer. The notion that Western nations should simply ship food to Africa is ridiculous, as simply dumping food in Africa is not going to help."
i cant find where it says 133 billion, i see much less but i wont go hard on you for that. we made aid them but we also plunder there resources for even more money.
https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2017/may/24/world-is-plundering-africa-wealth-billions-of-dollars-a-year https://www.themindfulword.org/2013/stealing-africa-resources-poor
a good bit does have to do with corruption but since we live in a capitalist for-profit world what can i say?
submitted by SavageTruths74 to u/SavageTruths74 [link] [comments]


2020.08.21 05:58 Flamefang92 Kaiserreich Beta 0.14 - 'A Duke and his Hertzog

Here’s 0.14 ‘The Duke and the Hertzog’, less than a month after our last release! This has to be one of the fastest, if not the fastest, development turnarounds we’ve had in the past three years. So as always, big thanks to the team and their hard work! We can’t guarantee such a rapid release schedule in the future, we are after all a group of volunteers working in our spare time, but we’d like to think this represents just how much our standards and practices have improved as a team. Enjoy!
- The KR4 team
Changes
New Focus Trees
Reworked/Expanded Focus Trees
New Events
New Decisions
New Custom Country Paths
GFX
New portraits for:
Austria: Eugen von Habsburg-Lothringen
British Isles: Charles III, Hugh Gaitskell, John MacCormick, Compton Mackenzie, Council of Scotland, Clement Davies, Lewis Valentine, Saunders Lewis, Douglas Young, Franz Von Bayern/Francis I
Burma: Ba Swe, Council of Burma, Kodaw Hmaing, Po Hla Gyi, U Ba Pe, Saya San Germany: Alfred Hugenberg
Indochina: Bui Quang Chieu
Russia/RSTransamur: Andrey Vlasov, Arseniy Golovko, Boris Shaposhnikov, Dmitriy Pavlovich Romanov, Grigoriy Semyenov, Grigoriy Semyonov, Ivan Konev, Ivan Romanovskiy, Kirill Meretskov, Lavr Kornilov, Mikhail Frunze, Mikhail Levitov, Mikhail Tukhachevskiy, Nikolay Berzarin, Nikolay Bukharin, Nikolay Bukharin, Nikolay Vatutin, Pavel Shatilov, Semyon Timoshenko, Vasiliy Kuznetsov, Vladimir Kappel, Vladimir Manshteyn, Vladimir Tolstov, Vladimir Tolstov, Vladimir Vitkovskiy
Spain: Alejandro Lerroux García, Bibiano Fernández Osorio y Tafall, Domingo Batet i Mestres, Emilio Herrera Linares, Francisco Largo Caballero, Gonzalo Queipo de Llano, José Riquelme y López Bago
Ukraine: Ivan Poltavets-Ostrianytsia, Konstantin Prisovsky, Mykola Kapustyanski, Yevhen Konovalets
USA: Charles McNary
Vietnam: Bao Dai
Music Mod
Mapping
Miscellaneous
Incomplete Content
Fixes
Notable Fixes
Other Fixes
We hope you enjoy playing Kaiserreich as much as we did making it!
- The KR4 Team: Alpinia, Arvidus, Augenis, Blackfalcon501, DSFDarker, Carmain, Dr. Njitram, Drozdovite, Edouard Saladier, Éloïse, Eragaxshim, Fbruchmueller, Flamefang, Fort, JazzyHugh, Jeankedezeehond, Jonjon428, Jonny BL, Krco, Liegnitz, Maltesefalcon, Matoro, NukeGaming, OperationsManagementDecisions, PPsyrius, Pietrus, Rei VL, Rylock, SPQR, Starguard, Telcontar101, The Alpha Dog, Thomahawk2k, Vidyaország, WordZero, Yard1, Zankoas and Zimbabwe Salt Co.
submitted by Flamefang92 to Kaiserreich [link] [comments]


2020.08.15 16:39 riseofinsurtech Bottom of Pyramid Microinsurance: Hungry for Innovation

Bottom of Pyramid Microinsurance: Hungry for Innovation

Credit: www.theguardian.com
A large majority of poor in developing nations work in informal sectors, with no access to insurance. They cannot afford to buy insurance nor can they access social protection (in health, disability or unemployment cover) provided by employers or co-financed by governments. Across socioeconomic clusters, this group is most vulnerable to financial shocks, and unsurprisingly least protected.
Microinsurance offers solutions to fill these gaps and deliver insurance that is affordable to match the needs of the poor. It protects them against specific risks in exchange for regular premium payments as per insurance principles. The risks commonly encompass illness, accidental injury, death and property or crop loss. Started off as community based and mutual insurance schemes, these are now increasingly offered by traditional insurance.
A number of players form part of the microinsurance supply chain. Ranging from insurance regulators to carriers, administrators, it comprises delivery channels, technology platform and service providers (such as health facilities or funeral organizations).

https://preview.redd.it/aqnyq503c6h51.png?width=667&format=png&auto=webp&s=27cdbcc2f139ed1e575efdfe22348117a6a75cdc
The opportunity for micro-insurance varies from region to region. The potential market has been estimated to be 3-4 billion policies generating $30 - $50 billion in annual revenue.
The popularity of products is also region dependent, basis the risks which affect the region the most - such as earthquakes in Chile or drought in Kenya. Microinsurers have been most successful in APAC, where two-thirds of the poor are to be found. India and Bangladesh are fastest growing, followed by China and Philippines. The countries in the right side of the below chart have favorable regulatory and business environment, both being vital enabling factors.
https://preview.redd.it/nbsdomamc6h51.png?width=804&format=png&auto=webp&s=3ae94962e03bb410c44ce6e298af414e73bda4c7
Microinsurance does not have any single definition as such. In South Africa, for instance, it is considered as a max benefit of R50k per insured life, while in Philippines, its the amount of premium that's less than10 percent of current daily minimum wage rate for non-agri workers.
Differences from traditional insurance are:
  • Presumes low awareness of insurance as a concept.
  • Assumes poorly educated customers, so communication must be straightforward.
  • Executed as conveniently and simply as possible, including eligiblity requirements, exclusions, payments anc and claims.
  • Relies on group pricing, due to lack of personal data
  • Links premiums to other payments, such as loan repayments.
History of Microinsurance
Microinsurance is likened to be an outgrowth of microfinancing projects developed by Bangladeshi Nobel Prize-winning economist Muhammad Yunus, that helped millions of low-income individuals set up businesses, buy houses.
American International Group Inc. (AIG) was one of the first carriers to offer microinsurance and sell policies in Uganda in 1997. It was soon joined by other large insurers including Swiss Re, Munich Re, Allianz and Zurich Financial Services. Today many innovative microinsurance products have been developed to protect the working poor against the financial impact of losses.
The growth of microinsurance
Despite almost 2 decades of focus on the under and uninsured, microinsurance is estimated to reach just under 300 million people across the developing world, ~10% of the potential market.
Partnership is one of the pillars of an effective microinsurance business model, but it is not an easy endeavour. Partners rarely have identical priorities and work with competing constraints which need to be overcome for a successul model.
Four business models prevalent as distribution channels are a)partner agent model provider driven model c)charitable insurance model d)mutual/cooperative insurance model
The partner-agent is the most common and includes MFIs, NGOs, cooperatives and retailers. It piggybacks on the partners infrastructure and trust, thus helping reduce costs and speeden time to market, facilitating scale. For this model to succeed, partner's staff need to be educated in insurance. Since the partner owns the client interface, the partnership requires intensive management. A good example is Hollard in South Africa that sells inexpensive funeral insurance through budget clothing retail chain Pep Stores.
The below chart of distribution mix in four growing microinsurance markets shows finance institutions are among most favorable distribution partners, particularly for MFI partners in India, Indonesia and Philippines. Agents and brokers are also a popular distribution network for microinsurance, followed by retail and commercial networks.
https://preview.redd.it/ac53kyd6f6h51.png?width=756&format=png&auto=webp&s=1d2ad3367805f7d38a07700be26982715a18bd7c
A key challenge facing microinsurers are availability of products designed to meet customer needs while meeting the carrier's operational and cost requirements. While simpler products are easier to market and administer, they also provide limited benefits. Trade-offs are inevitable and innovation is invaluable.
The below figure highlights the prevalence of credit life and life products, understandable as partnership with microfinance institutions is commonly a distribution medium. The high proportion of life insurance signifies the relative simplicity to develop this product. For the market to evolve, however, there is a need to move towards more complex products such as health and agricultural insurance.
https://preview.redd.it/eg6m2sgne6h51.png?width=784&format=png&auto=webp&s=eb12edaac6a6282a0bb30c79b0ad24eff8d7f54a
Challenges And Need For Innovation
When it comes to microinsurance, innovation is more than a response to customer demand for more convenient service - it is usually an operational imperative. Insurers leverage technology with the aim of offering simple, affordable products to mostly illiterate customers in locations difficult to reach.
We look below at few examples of carriers and their innovations that helped them overcome challenges.
Easy availability of mobile technology has been a major enabling factor in most markets. UAP Insurance in Kenya enables farmers to buy crop insurance by using their mobile phone to send in a photograph of the barcode on a bag of fertilizer or seed, and to pay premiums using M-Pesa mobile banking system.
Similarly, real-time connectivity with the carriers' system is an important factor to enable bulk processing and servicing of low-premium policies with minimal user invovlement and at lowest cost. An exmple is IFMR Trust Holdings that works with HDFC Ergo GIC in India to use radio-frequency identification tags on insured cattle to minimize claims fraud.
Pay-as-you-go insurance platforms that use cloud technology are a necessary means to achieve an adaptable and extendable microinsurance operating model. Max New York Life in India has extended their virtual network by distributing scratch cards through small retailers. Customers pay premiums by buying a card and texting the concealed code to the insurer.
Despite the strides being made by carriers, the operational challenges that continue to derail the best of efforts include:
  • Lack of information on consumers
  • Consumers beyond current reach
  • Different and new consumer needs
  • Consumers inexperienced with formal financial services
  • Constrained business models
Adoption of sophisticated technology can have a powerful impact, but managing the significant inhibitors effectively is undoubtedly imperative to succeed in this market.
Among common innovative solutions driven by insurers are index-based insurance, grants from governments and/or donors to develop infrastructure, partnering with weather stations to collect meteorological data, risk-spreading to multinational insurers and reinsurers, and technology to manage fraud.
Additionally, new technology enabled partnerships increase the distribution reach of insurance. Peer to peer insurance enables new operational models and product categories. Demand based insurance charges premium per use. Alternative and digital data allow for improved customer knowledge. For example, online consumer retail purchase history can better inform about a potential consumer's risk profile and premium pricing.
Leveraging digital infrastructure reduces marginal cost of insurance delivery. e.g. Saldo in Mexico uses blockchain to verify transactions to reduce fraud. Afrisure in Zimbabwe uses satellite data to enable provision of agricultural insurance at scale.
Sustainable Profitability
Profitability has not been easy to achieve in microinsurance, being a sophisticated offering to most consumers, who mistrust it and cannot easily understand. It is also an emerging area for insurers, who have limited knowledge to underwrite accurately. Over time, these are expected to smoothen out, insurers will learn from early mistakes and build more efficient distribution channels.
The key to profitability might just lie in the business model. In order to be profitable, a low margin/high volume philosophy will be the preferred path. Microinsurers will have a compelling need to price products accurately with low margins, and then sell large volumes. The challenges will manifest in that voluntary insurance products sold on an individual basis will be more expensive to distribute and service than mandatory group polices linked to loans. Nevertheless, as carriers manage to maintain growth in revenue greater than growth in incremental costs, they will derive profitability through scale.
submitted by riseofinsurtech to u/riseofinsurtech [link] [comments]


2020.08.15 02:46 AwkwardClimber [WeWantOut] 26M 26F United Kingdom -> New Zealand

Hey hope you all are well! Me and my partner are wondering about emigrating to New Zealand. We’re currently engaged, set to marry in about a year! We both have university education I hold a Masters degree in Sustainable Development and only fresh out of education whilst working on the side in the city council (local government) while my fiancée hold a BSc in Microbiology and has been working in a lab for a few years now. Our situation with our birth countries is different and we’re not sure if that will change things which is the main reason for my post. I’m Scottish, born in the UK, whilst my fiancée is Zimbabwean, moved to the UK as a child with her family and holds a dual citizenship, although she is ready to relinquish Zimbabwe citizenship in favour for the UK and NZ if that’s an issue. One last thing, when we travel to other countries we need to be careful about where we go as unfortunately not every nation is safe for people in mixed race relationships, I don’t imagine this is much of a problem in New Zealand but if any kiwis on here has an insight on this that would be helpful. Any advice would be grand, thank you!
submitted by AwkwardClimber to IWantOut [link] [comments]


2020.08.12 17:03 autotldr How one man and his cellphone in Canada rescued a group of Africans stuck in China because of the coronavirus pandemic

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 84%. (I'm a bot)
To get around 100 South Africans and a couple of dozen Zimbabwean students out of China, it would take Air Zimbabwe's only functioning aircraft, and diplomatic channels in embassies across the world - all orchestrated from a dining room table in Canada by one man, armed only with a cellphone.
With so many calls coming in, he needed a partner on the ground to help coordinate and corral the diverse group of South Africans and Zimbabweans.
Many South Africans needed to get home from China, in part, because of a canceled repatriation flight by flag carrier South African Airways, that had originally been scheduled for mid-June.
SAA and the South Africa government mounted a high-profile evacuation of South Africans from Wuhan in mid-March.
From Kuala Lumpur, they headed to Guangzhou, then back to Kuala Lumpur - since they weren't authorized to take domestic routes in China - and on to Wuhan, to pick up most of the South Africans, before eventually making it back to Johannesburg.
The South African government told CNN it is compelled to help all citizens abroad, and said it had facilitated the South Africans' flight approvals and organized their quarantine on landing.
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: South#1 African#2 Myburgh#3 Johannie#4 China#5
Post found in /worldnews.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2020.08.11 16:20 ndiwalana DR SANELE 0737419104 SAFE ABORTION CLINIC IN VEREENIGING, SPRINGS, VANDERBJILPARK

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leading( Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and Medically approved way to end or terminate a pregnancy using Abortion Pills or pill and has a wide range of Services and a team of well trained staff that will help you make a proper decision to meet your task great or small. Our Safe abortion Clinics are well equipped with primary health care. Our Abortion Services are carried out by qualified practitioners / doctors who make sure everything works out properly and everything is kept private, confidential to suit your need and budget. Our Personal Guarantee to be pregnant within a month, get married within a month, partner be urs only, better pay at ur job, leave smoking & drinking, remove un wanted people, we reduce vigina permanently, through mirror you can see anyone loves ur partner plz, take away skin lashes,more rounds during sex, separate lovers, get lover, drops in men. . .. . . call now on We also have enlargement creams , for Penis in all sizes, HIPS ,BUMS, BREASTS at an affordable price, So ladies don`t be left out on these creams that will boost your sex drive with your husband, .. NOW NEW ARRIVALS INCLUDE; 1. VIRGINAL TIGHTENING CREAMS AND PUSSY DOLLS ENLARGEMENT 2.BAD SMELL REMOVAL CREAMS 3.DARK SPOTS REMOVAL AND SKIN BRIGHTENING AND SOFTENING CREAMS 4.FEMALE PRESSURE TO MAKE YOU CLIMAX AND HAVE FLUIDS CREAMS 5 TWO IN ONE BUTT CREAM, ENLARGING, STRAIGHTENING, HIPS AND BUMS CREAM. Our Abortion Prices / Costs are reasonable that even Students can afford them. You are covered by 100% money-back guarantee which means that if for any reason whatsoever you are not completely satisfied with our service you get a no questions refund. Contact our Branches in: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Botswana,Polokwane, Mafikeng, Kimberley, Rustenburg, Newcastle, Vryheid, Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Cape town, Estcourt, Jane furse, Lephalale, Musina, Mokopane, Modimolle, Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Mapoteng, Kathu, Demolition, Wynberg, Langa, Ladysmith, Richards Bay, Empangeni, Qwaqwa, Mtubatuba, Ixopo, Middelburg, Piet Retief, Ermelo, Volksrust, Nelspruit, Umtata, Butterworth, King Williams Town, East London, Port Elizabeth, Port Shepstone, Kraaifontein, Vereeniging, Springs, Ficksburg, Ladybrand, Lesotho, Maputo, "We do personal and postal deliveries anywhere in Africa or Europe, Asia, America, Dubai and for our clients outside Africa it will take us two working days to process your delivery. We're open 24hrs for appointments" CONTACT or Whatsapp And even Illuminati Registration is open to anyone. In All Province And Africa And outside and holy water for sale and SANDAWANA OIL AND SKIN FOR SUCCESS and Magic ring, muthi for chances, Stroke, control of money and Penis enlargement, Lost lover
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2020.08.11 16:19 ndiwalana DR LONDI 0710507887 SAFE ABORTION CLINIC IN BRAKPAN, TSAKANE, ISANDO

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leading( Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and Medically approved way to end or terminate a pregnancy using Abortion Pills or pill and has a wide range of Services and a team of well trained staff that will help you make a proper decision to meet your task great or small. Our Safe abortion Clinics are well equipped with primary health care. Our Abortion Services are carried out by qualified practitioners / doctors who make sure everything works out properly and everything is kept private, confidential to suit your need and budget. Our Personal Guarantee to be pregnant within a month, get married within a month, partner be urs only, better pay at ur job, leave smoking & drinking, remove un wanted people, we reduce vigina permanently, through mirror you can see anyone loves ur partner plz, take away skin lashes,more rounds during sex, separate lovers, get lover, drops in men. . .. . . call now on We also have enlargement creams , for Penis in all sizes, HIPS ,BUMS, BREASTS at an affordable price, So ladies don`t be left out on these creams that will boost your sex drive with your husband, .. NOW NEW ARRIVALS INCLUDE; 1. VIRGINAL TIGHTENING CREAMS AND PUSSY DOLLS ENLARGEMENT 2.BAD SMELL REMOVAL CREAMS 3.DARK SPOTS REMOVAL AND SKIN BRIGHTENING AND SOFTENING CREAMS 4.FEMALE PRESSURE TO MAKE YOU CLIMAX AND HAVE FLUIDS CREAMS 5 TWO IN ONE BUTT CREAM, ENLARGING, STRAIGHTENING, HIPS AND BUMS CREAM. Our Abortion Prices / Costs are reasonable that even Students can afford them. You are covered by 100% money-back guarantee which means that if for any reason whatsoever you are not completely satisfied with our service you get a no questions refund. Contact our Branches in: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Botswana,Polokwane, Mafikeng, Kimberley, Rustenburg, Newcastle, Vryheid, Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Cape town, Estcourt, Jane furse, Lephalale, Musina, Mokopane, Modimolle, Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Mapoteng, Kathu, Demolition, Wynberg, Langa, Ladysmith, Richards Bay, Empangeni, Qwaqwa, Mtubatuba, Ixopo, Middelburg, Piet Retief, Ermelo, Volksrust, Nelspruit, Umtata, Butterworth, King Williams Town, East London, Port Elizabeth, Port Shepstone, Kraaifontein, Vereeniging, Springs, Ficksburg, Ladybrand, Lesotho, Maputo, "We do personal and postal deliveries anywhere in Africa or Europe, Asia, America, Dubai and for our clients outside Africa it will take us two working days to process your delivery. We're open 24hrs for appointments" CONTACT or Whatsapp And even Illuminati Registration is open to anyone. In All Province And Africa And outside and holy water for sale and SANDAWANA OIL AND SKIN FOR SUCCESS and Magic ring, muthi for chances, Stroke, control of money and Penis enlargement, Lost lover
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2020.08.11 16:14 ndiwalana DR THANDO 0834863331 SAFE ABORTION CLINIC IN JOHANNESBURG, PRETORIA, MAMELODI

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leading( Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and Medically approved way to end or terminate a pregnancy using Abortion Pills or pill and has a wide range of Services and a team of well trained staff that will help you make a proper decision to meet your task great or small. Our Safe abortion Clinics are well equipped with primary health care. Our Abortion Services are carried out by qualified practitioners / doctors who make sure everything works out properly and everything is kept private, confidential to suit your need and budget. Our Personal Guarantee to be pregnant within a month, get married within a month, partner be urs only, better pay at ur job, leave smoking & drinking, remove un wanted people, we reduce vigina permanently, through mirror you can see anyone loves ur partner plz, take away skin lashes,more rounds during sex, separate lovers, get lover, drops in men. . .. . . call now on We also have enlargement creams , for Penis in all sizes, HIPS ,BUMS, BREASTS at an affordable price, So ladies don`t be left out on these creams that will boost your sex drive with your husband, .. NOW NEW ARRIVALS INCLUDE; 1. VIRGINAL TIGHTENING CREAMS AND PUSSY DOLLS ENLARGEMENT 2.BAD SMELL REMOVAL CREAMS 3.DARK SPOTS REMOVAL AND SKIN BRIGHTENING AND SOFTENING CREAMS 4.FEMALE PRESSURE TO MAKE YOU CLIMAX AND HAVE FLUIDS CREAMS 5 TWO IN ONE BUTT CREAM, ENLARGING, STRAIGHTENING, HIPS AND BUMS CREAM. Our Abortion Prices / Costs are reasonable that even Students can afford them. You are covered by 100% money-back guarantee which means that if for any reason whatsoever you are not completely satisfied with our service you get a no questions refund. Contact our Branches in: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Botswana,Polokwane, Mafikeng, Kimberley, Rustenburg, Newcastle, Vryheid, Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Cape town, Estcourt, Jane furse, Lephalale, Musina, Mokopane, Modimolle, Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Mapoteng, Kathu, Demolition, Wynberg, Langa, Ladysmith, Richards Bay, Empangeni, Qwaqwa, Mtubatuba, Ixopo, Middelburg, Piet Retief, Ermelo, Volksrust, Nelspruit, Umtata, Butterworth, King Williams Town, East London, Port Elizabeth, Port Shepstone, Kraaifontein, Vereeniging, Springs, Ficksburg, Ladybrand, Lesotho, Maputo, "We do personal and postal deliveries anywhere in Africa or Europe, Asia, America, Dubai and for our clients outside Africa it will take us two working days to process your delivery. We're open 24hrs for appointments" CONTACT or Whatsapp And even Illuminati Registration is open to anyone. In All Province And Africa And outside and holy water for sale and SANDAWANA OIL AND SKIN FOR SUCCESS and Magic ring, muthi for chances, Stroke, control of money and Penis enlargement, Lost lover
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2020.08.11 16:10 ndiwalana DR THANDO 0834863331 SAFE ABORTION CLINIC IN MAMELODI, CARLTONVILLE, ISANDO

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leading( Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and Medically approved way to end or terminate a pregnancy using Abortion Pills or pill and has a wide range of Services and a team of well trained staff that will help you make a proper decision to meet your task great or small. Our Safe abortion Clinics are well equipped with primary health care. Our Abortion Services are carried out by qualified practitioners / doctors who make sure everything works out properly and everything is kept private, confidential to suit your need and budget. Our Personal Guarantee to be pregnant within a month, get married within a month, partner be urs only, better pay at ur job, leave smoking & drinking, remove un wanted people, we reduce vigina permanently, through mirror you can see anyone loves ur partner plz, take away skin lashes,more rounds during sex, separate lovers, get lover, drops in men. . .. . . call now on We also have enlargement creams , for Penis in all sizes, HIPS ,BUMS, BREASTS at an affordable price, So ladies don`t be left out on these creams that will boost your sex drive with your husband, .. NOW NEW ARRIVALS INCLUDE; 1. VIRGINAL TIGHTENING CREAMS AND PUSSY DOLLS ENLARGEMENT 2.BAD SMELL REMOVAL CREAMS 3.DARK SPOTS REMOVAL AND SKIN BRIGHTENING AND SOFTENING CREAMS 4.FEMALE PRESSURE TO MAKE YOU CLIMAX AND HAVE FLUIDS CREAMS 5 TWO IN ONE BUTT CREAM, ENLARGING, STRAIGHTENING, HIPS AND BUMS CREAM. Our Abortion Prices / Costs are reasonable that even Students can afford them. You are covered by 100% money-back guarantee which means that if for any reason whatsoever you are not completely satisfied with our service you get a no questions refund. Contact our Branches in: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Botswana,Polokwane, Mafikeng, Kimberley, Rustenburg, Newcastle, Vryheid, Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Cape town, Estcourt, Jane furse, Lephalale, Musina, Mokopane, Modimolle, Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Mapoteng, Kathu, Demolition, Wynberg, Langa, Ladysmith, Richards Bay, Empangeni, Qwaqwa, Mtubatuba, Ixopo, Middelburg, Piet Retief, Ermelo, Volksrust, Nelspruit, Umtata, Butterworth, King Williams Town, East London, Port Elizabeth, Port Shepstone, Kraaifontein, Vereeniging, Springs, Ficksburg, Ladybrand, Lesotho, Maputo, "We do personal and postal deliveries anywhere in Africa or Europe, Asia, America, Dubai and for our clients outside Africa it will take us two working days to process your delivery. We're open 24hrs for appointments" CONTACT or Whatsapp And even Illuminati Registration is open to anyone. In All Province And Africa And outside and holy water for sale and SANDAWANA OIL AND SKIN FOR SUCCESS and Magic ring, muthi for chances, Stroke, control of money and Penis enlargement, Lost lover
submitted by ndiwalana to u/ndiwalana [link] [comments]


2020.08.11 16:07 ndiwalana DR SANELE 0737419104 SAFE ABORTION CLINIC IN SOSHANGUVE, HAMMANSKRAAL, MABOPANE

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leading( Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and Medically approved way to end or terminate a pregnancy using Abortion Pills or pill and has a wide range of Services and a team of well trained staff that will help you make a proper decision to meet your task great or small. Our Safe abortion Clinics are well equipped with primary health care. Our Abortion Services are carried out by qualified practitioners / doctors who make sure everything works out properly and everything is kept private, confidential to suit your need and budget. Our Personal Guarantee to be pregnant within a month, get married within a month, partner be urs only, better pay at ur job, leave smoking & drinking, remove un wanted people, we reduce vigina permanently, through mirror you can see anyone loves ur partner plz, take away skin lashes,more rounds during sex, separate lovers, get lover, drops in men. . .. . . call now on We also have enlargement creams , for Penis in all sizes, HIPS ,BUMS, BREASTS at an affordable price, So ladies don`t be left out on these creams that will boost your sex drive with your husband, .. NOW NEW ARRIVALS INCLUDE; 1. VIRGINAL TIGHTENING CREAMS AND PUSSY DOLLS ENLARGEMENT 2.BAD SMELL REMOVAL CREAMS 3.DARK SPOTS REMOVAL AND SKIN BRIGHTENING AND SOFTENING CREAMS 4.FEMALE PRESSURE TO MAKE YOU CLIMAX AND HAVE FLUIDS CREAMS 5 TWO IN ONE BUTT CREAM, ENLARGING, STRAIGHTENING, HIPS AND BUMS CREAM. Our Abortion Prices / Costs are reasonable that even Students can afford them. You are covered by 100% money-back guarantee which means that if for any reason whatsoever you are not completely satisfied with our service you get a no questions refund. Contact our Branches in: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Botswana,Polokwane, Mafikeng, Kimberley, Rustenburg, Newcastle, Vryheid, Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Cape town, Estcourt, Jane furse, Lephalale, Musina, Mokopane, Modimolle, Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Mapoteng, Kathu, Demolition, Wynberg, Langa, Ladysmith, Richards Bay, Empangeni, Qwaqwa, Mtubatuba, Ixopo, Middelburg, Piet Retief, Ermelo, Volksrust, Nelspruit, Umtata, Butterworth, King Williams Town, East London, Port Elizabeth, Port Shepstone, Kraaifontein, Vereeniging, Springs, Ficksburg, Ladybrand, Lesotho, Maputo, "We do personal and postal deliveries anywhere in Africa or Europe, Asia, America, Dubai and for our clients outside Africa it will take us two working days to process your delivery. We're open 24hrs for appointments" CONTACT or Whatsapp And even Illuminati Registration is open to anyone. In All Province And Africa And outside and holy water for sale and SANDAWANA OIL AND SKIN FOR SUCCESS and Magic ring, muthi for chances, Stroke, control of money and Penis enlargement, Lost lover
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2020.08.11 16:06 ndiwalana DR DENO 0786932813 SAFE ABORTION CLINIC IN MABOPANE, BRAAMFONTEIN, ALEXANDRA

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leading( Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and Medically approved way to end or terminate a pregnancy using Abortion Pills or pill and has a wide range of Services and a team of well trained staff that will help you make a proper decision to meet your task great or small. Our Safe abortion Clinics are well equipped with primary health care. Our Abortion Services are carried out by qualified practitioners / doctors who make sure everything works out properly and everything is kept private, confidential to suit your need and budget. Our Personal Guarantee to be pregnant within a month, get married within a month, partner be urs only, better pay at ur job, leave smoking & drinking, remove un wanted people, we reduce vigina permanently, through mirror you can see anyone loves ur partner plz, take away skin lashes,more rounds during sex, separate lovers, get lover, drops in men. . .. . . call now on We also have enlargement creams , for Penis in all sizes, HIPS ,BUMS, BREASTS at an affordable price, So ladies don`t be left out on these creams that will boost your sex drive with your husband, .. NOW NEW ARRIVALS INCLUDE; 1. VIRGINAL TIGHTENING CREAMS AND PUSSY DOLLS ENLARGEMENT 2.BAD SMELL REMOVAL CREAMS 3.DARK SPOTS REMOVAL AND SKIN BRIGHTENING AND SOFTENING CREAMS 4.FEMALE PRESSURE TO MAKE YOU CLIMAX AND HAVE FLUIDS CREAMS 5 TWO IN ONE BUTT CREAM, ENLARGING, STRAIGHTENING, HIPS AND BUMS CREAM. Our Abortion Prices / Costs are reasonable that even Students can afford them. You are covered by 100% money-back guarantee which means that if for any reason whatsoever you are not completely satisfied with our service you get a no questions refund. Contact our Branches in: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Botswana,Polokwane, Mafikeng, Kimberley, Rustenburg, Newcastle, Vryheid, Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Cape town, Estcourt, Jane furse, Lephalale, Musina, Mokopane, Modimolle, Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Mapoteng, Kathu, Demolition, Wynberg, Langa, Ladysmith, Richards Bay, Empangeni, Qwaqwa, Mtubatuba, Ixopo, Middelburg, Piet Retief, Ermelo, Volksrust, Nelspruit, Umtata, Butterworth, King Williams Town, East London, Port Elizabeth, Port Shepstone, Kraaifontein, Vereeniging, Springs, Ficksburg, Ladybrand, Lesotho, Maputo, "We do personal and postal deliveries anywhere in Africa or Europe, Asia, America, Dubai and for our clients outside Africa it will take us two working days to process your delivery. We're open 24hrs for appointments" CONTACT or Whatsapp And even Illuminati Registration is open to anyone. In All Province And Africa And outside and holy water for sale and SANDAWANA OIL AND SKIN FOR SUCCESS and Magic ring, muthi for chances, Stroke, control of money and Penis enlargement, Lost lover
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2020.08.11 16:05 ndiwalana DR LONDI 0710507887 SAFE ABORTION CLINIC IN RANDBURG, RANDFONTEIN, SANDTON

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leading( Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and Medically approved way to end or terminate a pregnancy using Abortion Pills or pill and has a wide range of Services and a team of well trained staff that will help you make a proper decision to meet your task great or small. Our Safe abortion Clinics are well equipped with primary health care. Our Abortion Services are carried out by qualified practitioners / doctors who make sure everything works out properly and everything is kept private, confidential to suit your need and budget. Our Personal Guarantee to be pregnant within a month, get married within a month, partner be urs only, better pay at ur job, leave smoking & drinking, remove un wanted people, we reduce vigina permanently, through mirror you can see anyone loves ur partner plz, take away skin lashes,more rounds during sex, separate lovers, get lover, drops in men. . .. . . call now on We also have enlargement creams , for Penis in all sizes, HIPS ,BUMS, BREASTS at an affordable price, So ladies don`t be left out on these creams that will boost your sex drive with your husband, .. NOW NEW ARRIVALS INCLUDE; 1. VIRGINAL TIGHTENING CREAMS AND PUSSY DOLLS ENLARGEMENT 2.BAD SMELL REMOVAL CREAMS 3.DARK SPOTS REMOVAL AND SKIN BRIGHTENING AND SOFTENING CREAMS 4.FEMALE PRESSURE TO MAKE YOU CLIMAX AND HAVE FLUIDS CREAMS 5 TWO IN ONE BUTT CREAM, ENLARGING, STRAIGHTENING, HIPS AND BUMS CREAM. Our Abortion Prices / Costs are reasonable that even Students can afford them. You are covered by 100% money-back guarantee which means that if for any reason whatsoever you are not completely satisfied with our service you get a no questions refund. Contact our Branches in: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Botswana,Polokwane, Mafikeng, Kimberley, Rustenburg, Newcastle, Vryheid, Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Cape town, Estcourt, Jane furse, Lephalale, Musina, Mokopane, Modimolle, Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Mapoteng, Kathu, Demolition, Wynberg, Langa, Ladysmith, Richards Bay, Empangeni, Qwaqwa, Mtubatuba, Ixopo, Middelburg, Piet Retief, Ermelo, Volksrust, Nelspruit, Umtata, Butterworth, King Williams Town, East London, Port Elizabeth, Port Shepstone, Kraaifontein, Vereeniging, Springs, Ficksburg, Ladybrand, Lesotho, Maputo, "We do personal and postal deliveries anywhere in Africa or Europe, Asia, America, Dubai and for our clients outside Africa it will take us two working days to process your delivery. We're open 24hrs for appointments" CONTACT or Whatsapp And even Illuminati Registration is open to anyone. In All Province And Africa And outside and holy water for sale and SANDAWANA OIL AND SKIN FOR SUCCESS and Magic ring, muthi for chances, Stroke, control of money and Penis enlargement, Lost lover
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2020.08.11 16:04 ndiwalana DR ZAMA 0780166554 SAFE ABORTION CLINIC IN GERMISTON, DAVEYTON, ALBERTON

Women`s Clinic is an expert in Abortion, Sexual problems, a nd reproductive health .It is therefore among the leading( Women's Abortion Clinic in South Africa with an experience of over 10 years Specializing in Medical Abortions which is a safe and Medically approved way to end or terminate a pregnancy using Abortion Pills or pill and has a wide range of Services and a team of well trained staff that will help you make a proper decision to meet your task great or small. Our Safe abortion Clinics are well equipped with primary health care. Our Abortion Services are carried out by qualified practitioners / doctors who make sure everything works out properly and everything is kept private, confidential to suit your need and budget. Our Personal Guarantee to be pregnant within a month, get married within a month, partner be urs only, better pay at ur job, leave smoking & drinking, remove un wanted people, we reduce vigina permanently, through mirror you can see anyone loves ur partner plz, take away skin lashes,more rounds during sex, separate lovers, get lover, drops in men. . .. . . call now on We also have enlargement creams , for Penis in all sizes, HIPS ,BUMS, BREASTS at an affordable price, So ladies don`t be left out on these creams that will boost your sex drive with your husband, .. NOW NEW ARRIVALS INCLUDE; 1. VIRGINAL TIGHTENING CREAMS AND PUSSY DOLLS ENLARGEMENT 2.BAD SMELL REMOVAL CREAMS 3.DARK SPOTS REMOVAL AND SKIN BRIGHTENING AND SOFTENING CREAMS 4.FEMALE PRESSURE TO MAKE YOU CLIMAX AND HAVE FLUIDS CREAMS 5 TWO IN ONE BUTT CREAM, ENLARGING, STRAIGHTENING, HIPS AND BUMS CREAM. Our Abortion Prices / Costs are reasonable that even Students can afford them. You are covered by 100% money-back guarantee which means that if for any reason whatsoever you are not completely satisfied with our service you get a no questions refund. Contact our Branches in: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Botswana,Polokwane, Mafikeng, Kimberley, Rustenburg, Newcastle, Vryheid, Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Cape town, Estcourt, Jane furse, Lephalale, Musina, Mokopane, Modimolle, Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Mapoteng, Kathu, Demolition, Wynberg, Langa, Ladysmith, Richards Bay, Empangeni, Qwaqwa, Mtubatuba, Ixopo, Middelburg, Piet Retief, Ermelo, Volksrust, Nelspruit, Umtata, Butterworth, King Williams Town, East London, Port Elizabeth, Port Shepstone, Kraaifontein, Vereeniging, Springs, Ficksburg, Ladybrand, Lesotho, Maputo, "We do personal and postal deliveries anywhere in Africa or Europe, Asia, America, Dubai and for our clients outside Africa it will take us two working days to process your delivery. We're open 24hrs for appointments" CONTACT or Whatsapp And even Illuminati Registration is open to anyone. In All Province And Africa And outside and holy water for sale and SANDAWANA OIL AND SKIN FOR SUCCESS and Magic ring, muthi for chances, Stroke, control of money and Penis enlargement, Lost lover
submitted by ndiwalana to u/ndiwalana [link] [comments]